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Type: Journal article
Title: Scattering of plane transverse waves by spherical inclusions in a poroelastic medium
Author: Liu, X.
Greenhalgh, S.
Zhou, B.
Citation: Geophysical Journal International, 2009; 176(3):938-950
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Issue Date: 2009
ISSN: 0956-540X
Statement of
Xu Liu, Stewart Greenhalgh and Bing Zhou
Abstract: The scattering of plane transverse waves by a spherical inclusion embedded in an infinite poroelastic medium is treated for the first time in this paper. The vector displacement wave equations of Biot's theory are solved as an infinite series of vector spherical harmonics for the case of a plane S-wave impinging from a porous medium onto a spherical inclusion which itself is assumed to be another porous medium. Based on the single spherical scattering theory and dynamic composite elastic medium theory, the non-self-consistent shear wavenumber is derived for a porous rock having numerous spherical inclusions of another medium. The frequency dependences of the shear wave velocity and the shear wave attenuation have been calculated for both the patchy saturation model (inclusions having the same solid frame as the host but with a different pore fluid from the host medium) and the double porosity model (inclusions having a different solid frame than the host but the same pore fluid as the host medium) with dilute concentrations of identical inclusions. Unlike the case of incident P-wave scattering, we show that although the fluid and the heterogeneity of the rock determine the shear wave velocity of the composite, the attenuation of the shear wave caused by scattering is actually contributed by the heterogeneity of the rock for spherical inclusions. The scattering of incident shear waves in the patchy saturation model is quite different from that of the double porosity model. For the patchy saturation model, the gas inclusions do not significantly affect the shear wave dispersion characteristic of the water-filled host medium. However, the softer inclusion with higher porosity in the double porosity model can cause significant shear wave scattering attenuation which occurs at a frequency at which the wavelength of the shear wave is approximately equal to the characteristic size of the inclusion and depends on the volume fraction. Compared with analytic formulae for the low frequency limit of the shear velocity, our scattering model yields discrepancies within 4.0 per cent. All calculated shear velocities of the composite medium with dilute inclusion concentrations approach the high frequency limit of the host material.
Keywords: Microstructure; Permeability and porosity; Seismic attenuation; Wave scattering and diffraction; Acoustic properties
RMID: 0020090240
DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2008.04026.x
Appears in Collections:Physics publications

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