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|Title:||Nanomaterials in the environment: behavior, fate, bioavailability, and effects|
|Citation:||Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 2008; 27(9):1825-1851|
|Stephen J. Klaine, Pedro J.J. Alvarez, Graeme E. Batley, Teresa F. Fernandes, Richard D. Handy, Delina Y. Lyon, Shaily Mahendra, Michael J. McLaughlin, and Jamie R. Lead|
|Abstract:||The recent advances in nanotechnology and the corresponding increase in the use of nanomaterials in products in every sector of society have resulted in uncertainties regarding environmental impacts. The objectives of this review are to introduce the key aspects pertaining to nanomaterials in the environment and to discuss what is known concerning their fate, behavior, disposition, and toxicity, with a particular focus on those that make up manufactured nanomaterials. This review critiques existing nanomaterial research in freshwater, marine, and soil environments. It illustrates the paucity of existing research and demonstrates the need for additional research. Environmental scientists are encouraged to base this research on existing studies on colloidal behavior and toxicology. The need for standard reference and testing materials as well as methodology for suspension preparation and testing is also discussed.|
|Keywords:||Nanoparticles; Ecotoxicity; Colloids; Plant uptake; Ecological risk|
|Description:||Article first published online: 9 DEC 2009|
|Rights:||Copyright © 2008 Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry|
|Appears in Collections:||Earth and Environmental Sciences publications|
Environment Institute publications
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