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|Title:||The temporal relationship between oocyte maturation and early fertilisation events in relation to the pre-ovulatory LH peak and preimplantation embryo development in red deer (Cervus elaphus).|
|Citation:||Animal Reproduction Science, 2008; 105(3-4):332-343|
|Publisher:||Elsevier Science BV|
|D.K. Berg, J.G. Thompson, A.J. Petersona and G.W. Asher|
|Abstract:||The temporal relationships among oocyte maturation, gamete transport and fertilisation following the pre-ovulatory luteinsing hormone surge in red deer were established; and secondly, early preimplantation development to the blastocyst stage in relation to the onset of oestrus was determined for red deer. In the first series of observations, oestrus was synchronised in April (N = 22), for the fixed time recovery of gametes from 0 to 36 h after the estimated pre-ovulatory LH peak. Matings were observed and the time of the LH peak was determined from the retrospective analysis of blood plasma collected at 3 h intervals. Gametes were recovered surgically and the meiotic status of follicular and ovulated oocytes assessed. Spermatozoa were recovered from the oviduct and their motility analysed by videomicroscopy. Nineteen of 22 hinds exhibited a pre-ovulatory LH surge and were observed to mate. Oocyte metaphase I occurred between 11 and 18 h, and metaphase II was completed within the follicle between 20 and 25 h following the pre-ovulatory LH peak. Fertilised ova were recovered from 30 to 36 h in both the ampulla and isthmic portions of the oviduct. Motile spermatozoa were first recovered from the isthmus and the ampulla at 13 and 21 h, respectively, after the LH peak. Hyperactive spermatozoa were observed in both the isthmus and the ampulla flushings but only from the eight hinds that had ovulated. In the second series of observations, 16 mature hinds were synchronised and allocated to groups for embryo collection on days 3, 5 and 7 after oestrus. Eight embryos were recovered; an 8-cell at 90 h, 3 morulae at 137, 138 and 186 h, and 4 blastocysts at 180, 182 and 190 h post-mating. Blastocysts were only recovered from the uterine horns and the mean ± S.E.M. number of nuclei per blastocyst was 93.5 ± 10.0 with a range of 66–114 cells. The results of this study will improve the application of assisted reproductive technologies to red deer as they indicate that oocyte maturation, fertilisation and early embryonic development of the red deer is similar to other domestic ruminants with the exception that the red deer embryo enters the uterus at the blastocyst stage.|
|Keywords:||In vivo oocyte maturation; Sperm motility; In vivo fertilisation; Embryo development; Embryo quality; In vivo; LH surge; Oviduct; Red deer; Cervus elaphus|
|Appears in Collections:||Obstetrics and Gynaecology publications|
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