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Type: Journal article
Title: Lack of Effect of Sugar Cane and Sunflower Seed Policosanols on Plasma Cholesterol in Rabbits
Author: Murphy, K.
Saint, D.
Howe, P.
Citation: Journal of the American College of Nutrition, 2008; 27(4):476-484
Publisher: Amer Coll Nutrition
Issue Date: 2008
ISSN: 0731-5724
Statement of
Karen J. Murphy, David A. Saint and Peter R.C. Howe
Abstract: <h4>Objective</h4>To evaluate the potential for a mixture of policosanol extracted from sunflower oil (SFP) to lower blood cholesterol levels in comparison to sugar cane policosanol (SCP) in rabbits.<h4>Design</h4>Twenty three Semi-lop rabbits were blocked into three groups matched on fasting plasma cholesterol levels then randomly assigned to one of three parallel treatment arms: Control (Vehicle 28.6% sunflower oil/70% water/1.4% emulsifier) n = 7; SFP, 100 mg/kg in vehicle, n = 8; SCP, 100 mg/kg in vehicle, n = 8. Rabbits were gavaged once every two days for four weeks. Blood was collected and analysed for plasma lipids.<h4>Results</h4>Total cholesterol, non-HDL and HDL cholesterol increased significantly following SCP supplementation relative to the control. SFP supplementation had no effect. Triglyceride levels decreased significantly following all dietary treatments (P < 0.05), possibly due to the emulsifier.<h4>Conclusion</h4>Dietary supplementation of normocholesterolemic rabbits with policosanol from sunflower oil does not appear to have any cholesterol lowering effect. A similar lack of efficacy observed with the commercial SCP product which we evaluated raises doubts about the purported cholesterol-lowering efficacy of these products, as reflected in the current literature.
Keywords: policosanol
sugar cane
sunflower seed
total cholesterol
DOI: 10.1080/07315724.2008.10719728
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Appears in Collections:Aurora harvest
Physiology publications

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