Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/54144
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Type: Journal article
Title: The need for systems change: reflections on knowledge translation and organizational change
Author: Kitson, A.
Citation: Journal of Advanced Nursing, 2009; 65(1):217-228
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Issue Date: 2009
ISSN: 0309-2402
1365-2648
Statement of
Responsibility: 
Alison L. Kitson
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Despite over 40 years' work on general systems theory, informed by critical social science, there is a mismatch between the theories used to explain and influence clinical practice in nursing and the way in which transferring new knowledge into practice is articulated. DATA SOURCES: The analysis and emerging propositions were based on a critique of seminal texts published in English up to 2008 covering critical social science, action science, diffusion of innovations, practice development and the management of innovations. DISCUSSION: There is an implicit adherence to the world view that healthcare systems operate like machines, and much of the science generated around knowledge translation research tends to be logico-deductive. This is in direct contrast to the prevailing arguments of general systems theorists, who view the system more as an organism. Five propositions are posited: knowledge translation is a necessary but not sufficient mechanism to transform systems; the 'system-as-machine' metaphor is profoundly unhelpful to knowledge translation; the healthcare system is best viewed as a complex entity; successful innovation is a function of the level of local autonomy experienced by individuals, teams and the unit involved; innovation is most effective when it involves key stakeholders. CONCLUSION: The purposeful integration of systems theory with knowledge translation theories and models may enable the application of research and new knowledge to practice to be speeded up.
Keywords: facilitation; innovation; knowledge translation; nursing; organizational change; practice, systems; theory
Rights: © 2008 The Author. Journal compilation © 2008 Blackwell Publishing Ltd
RMID: 0020084951
DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2648.2008.04864.x
Appears in Collections:Nursing publications

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