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|Title:||Ultrastructure of Nuclear Condensation and Localization of DNA and Proteins in Spermatozoa of a Dasyurid Marsupial, Sminthopsis crassicaudata|
|Citation:||Molecular Reproduction and Development, 1996; 43(2):217-227|
|Abstract:||In the dasyurid marsupial, Sminthopsis crassicaudata, the mature spermatozoon has an inner homogeneous (C1) and a peripheral indented (C2) region. Using DNase-gold conjugates, and biotinylated genomic DNA probes, DNA was found to occur in both C1 and C2 regions. The morphogenesis of the spermatozoon nucleus was investigated using ultrastructural and cytochemical studies. Spermiogenesis was divided into 15 steps. By step 10, condensation of the C1 region was complete, and at the caudal extremity of the spermatid nucleus, the nuclear envelope enclosed an electron-lucent space. This space and the surrounding nuclear envelope became very enlarged at step 11. At this stage, a plate of approximately 70 nm in thickness was present along the caudal segment of the C1 region; this "nuclear mantle" did not bind DNase-gold conjugates but stained for lysine-rich proteins using alcoholic phosphotungstic acid. Chromatin condensation resumed at step 12 with the appearance of spherical chromatin structures peripheral to the C1 chromatin. These structures then partially coalesced and the indentations of the C2 region were observed. The expanded nuclear envelope at the caudal extremity persisted in caput epididymal spermatozoa. Spherical inclusions within it did not bind to DNase-gold conjugates but stained for lysine-rich proteins. As the sperm traveled down the epididymis, these inclusions amassed near the nuclear pores and were then removed from the nucleus. In addition, the nuclear mantle was found to have disappeared by the time the spermatozoa reached the corpus epididymidis.|
|Keywords:||Spermatozoa; Cell Nucleus; Chromatin; Animals; Marsupialia; Proteins; DNA; Microscopy, Electron; Male|
|Appears in Collections:||Anatomical Sciences publications|
Environment Institute publications
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