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|Title:||Peer review: The Holy Office of modern science|
|Citation:||Natural Science, 1997; 1:2-|
|Abstract:||A brief historical overview of the origins of peer review reveals that it is neither the best means of evaluating contributions to science nor the one most commonly used during the period in which the modern scientific method developed. Throughout history, most scientists published their views without formal review and peers published their criticisms openly. It is argued here that peer review as now undertaken by most scientific journals stifles scientific communication, slows the advancement of knowledge and encourages dishonest behavior among referees. Alternatives to peer review that have already been used by some journals and funding bodies are described. Since these alternatives have proved themselves in practice, the now commonly practised form of peer review can be abandoned or modified. Electronic communication can facilitate this process.|
|Keywords:||Electronic communication; objectivity; peer review; refereed journals; research grants; science funding; science publishing; subjectivity|
|Rights:||Copyright status unknown|
|Appears in Collections:||Anatomical Sciences publications|
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