Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/2440/54820
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Type: Journal article
Title: Back analysis for tunnelling induced ground movements and stress redistribution
Author: Karakus, M.
Fowell, R.
Citation: Tunnelling and Underground Space Technology, 2005; 20(6):514-524
Publisher: Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd
Issue Date: 2005
ISSN: 0886-7798
Statement of
Responsibility: 
M. Karakus and R.J. Fowell
Abstract: Analysing tunnelling process in 2D plane strain conditions is widely used method to calculate tunnelling induced settlement profiles as well as soil structure interactions. Possibility of damage to the surface and/or underground structures can be estimated using powerful finite difference method (FDM) and finite element method (FEM) of analysis. However, setting up a realistic model that would be able to achieve this goal is rather difficult. In this paper, 2D FDM analysis has been conducted to assess tunnelling induced settlement, stress redistribution phenomena along with movements around shallow soft ground tunnels excavated in accordance with the New Austrian Tunnelling Method. Measurements recorded during construction of the Heathrow Express Trial Tunnel in London Clay were compared with the predicted values to validate numerical estimations. As a soil model, the Mohr-Coulomb plasticity model has been used in the FDM analysis. Results obtained from 2D FEM are also included in this paper for comparison purposes to evaluate performance of both numerical analysis procedures. Predictions from both FDM and FEM analyses proved to be procedures used within this work can be a tool in practical engineering applications to simulate tunnelling operations. © 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Keywords: The Heathrow Express Trial Tunnel
FEM
FDM
London Clay
Surface and sub-surface settlement
Cable elements
Stress redistribution
NATM
DOI: 10.1016/j.tust.2005.02.007
Published version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tust.2005.02.007
Appears in Collections:Aurora harvest
Civil and Environmental Engineering publications

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