Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/2440/55106
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Type: Journal article
Title: Apolipoprotein E enhances hepatic lipase-mediated hydrolysis of reconstituted high-density lipoprotein phospholipid and triacylglycerol in an isoform-dependent manner
Author: Hime, N.
Drew, K.
Hahn, C.
Barter, P.
Rye, K.
Citation: Biochemistry, 2004; 43(38):12306-12314
Publisher: Amer Chemical Soc
Issue Date: 2004
ISSN: 0006-2960
1520-4995
Statement of
Responsibility: 
Neil J. Hime, Kate J. Drew, Chris Hahn, Philip J. Barter and Kerry-Anne Rye
Abstract: This study compares the kinetics of hepatic lipase (HL)-mediated phospholipid and triacylglycerol hydrolysis in spherical, reconstituted high-density lipoproteins (rHDL) that contain either apolipoprotein E2 (apoE2), apoE3, apoE4, or apoA-I as the sole apolipoprotein. HL-mediated phospholipid hydrolysis was assessed by incubating various concentrations of rHDL that contained only cholesteryl esters (CE) in their core, (E2/CE)rHDL, (E3/CE)rHDL, (E4/CE)rHDL, and (A-I/CE)rHDL, with a constant amount of HL. The rate of phospholipid hydrolysis was determined as the formation of nonesterified fatty acid mass. HL-mediated triacylglycerol hydrolysis was assessed in rHDL containing CE, unlabeled triacylglycerol, and [(3)H]triacylglycerol in their core, (E2/TG)rHDL, (E3/TG)rHDL, (E4/TG)rHDL, and (A-I/TG)rHDL. Triacylglycerol hydrolysis was determined as the ratio of (3)H-labeled hydrolysis products to (3)H-labeled unhydrolyzed triacylglycerol. The rates of phospholipid hydrolysis in the (E2/CE)rHDL, (E3/CE)rHDL, and (E4/CE)rHDL were significantly greater than that in the (A-I/CE)rHDL. The rates of triacylglycerol hydrolysis were also greater in the (E2/TG)rHDL, (E3/TG)rHDL, and (E4/TG)rHDL compared to the (A-I/TG)rHDL, although to a lesser degree than observed with phospholipid hydrolysis. Furthermore, the rates of both phospholipid and triacylglycerol hydrolyses were greater in the (E2)rHDL than in either the (E3)rHDL or the (E4)rHDL. These results show that apoE increases the rate of HL-mediated phospholipid and triacylglycerol hydrolysis in rHDL and that this influence is isoform dependent.
Keywords: Humans
Lipase
Triglycerides
Lipoproteins, HDL
Phospholipids
Apolipoproteins E
Protein Isoforms
Hydrolysis
Kinetics
DOI: 10.1021/bi036305i
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