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|Title:||Anti-genotoxic effects of tea catechins against reactive oxygen species in human lymphoblastoid cells|
|Citation:||Mutation Research: Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis, 2004; 559(1-2):97-103|
|Publisher:||Elsevier Science BV|
|Ayako Sugisawa, Michiyo Kimura, Michael Fenech and Keizo Umegaki|
|Abstract:||Using the cytokinesis-block micronucleus assay in WIL2-NS cells, we investigated the effects of six tea constituents, (−)-epigallocatechin-3-O-gallate (EGCg), (−)-epicatechin-3-O-gallate (ECg), (−)-epigallocatechin (EGC), (−)-epicatechin (EC), (+)-catechin (+C) and gallic acid (GA), on chromosomal damage in two ways; induction by each component on its own and prevention against treatment of reactive oxygen species (ROS). None of the tea constituents induced chromosomal damage at <10μM. On the other hand, EGCg, EGC, ECg, +C and GA prevented H₂O₂-induced chromosomal damage in a dose-dependent manner with a significant effect detected at 10 μM. Chromosomal damage induced by tert-butylhydroperoxide was apparently prevented by EGCg and ECg at 0.3 μM, but not by EGC and GA even at 10 μM, suggesting that the galloyl group linked to flavan-3-ol is needed for the observed protective effect. These results suggest that physiological concentration of tea constituents are not genotoxic but rather anti-genotoxic against ROS, although their preventive effects are slightly different depending on their chemical structure.|
Reactive oxygen species
|Appears in Collections:||Aurora harvest 5|
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