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Type: Journal article
Title: Microarray analysis of the nitrate response in Arabidopsis roots and shoots reveals over 1,000 rapidly responding genes and new linkages to glucose, trehalose-6-phosphate, iron, and sulfate metabolism
Author: Wang, R.
Okamoto, M.
Xing, X.
Crawford, N.
Citation: Plant Physiology, 2003; 132(2):556-567
Publisher: Amer Soc Plant Physiologists
Issue Date: 2003
ISSN: 0032-0889
Statement of
Rongchen Wang, Mamoru Okamoto, Xiujuan Xing and Nigel M. Crawford
Abstract: The genomic response to low levels of nitrate was studied in Arabidopsis using the Affymetrix ATH1 chip containing more than 22,500 probe sets. Arabidopsis plants were grown hydroponically in sterile liquid culture on ammonium as the sole source of nitrogen for 10 d, then treated with 250 µM nitrate for 20 min. The response to nitrate was much stronger in roots (1,176 genes showing increased or decreased mRNA levels) than in shoots (183 responding genes). In addition to known nitrate-responsive genes (e.g. those encoding nitrate transporters, nitrate reductase, nitrite reductase, ferredoxin reductase, and enzymes in the pentose phosphate pathway), genes encoding novel metabolic and potential regulatory proteins were found. These genes encode enzymes in glycolysis (glucose-6-phosphate isomerase and phosphoglycerate mutase), in trehalose-6-P metabolism (trehalose-6-P synthase and trehalose-6-P phosphatase), in iron transport/metabolism (nicotianamine synthase), and in sulfate uptake/reduction. In many cases, only a few select genes out of several in small gene families were induced by nitrate. These results show that the effect of nitrate on gene expression is substantial (affecting almost 10% of the genes with detectable mRNA levels) yet selective and affects many genes involved in carbon and nutrient metabolism.
Keywords: Arabidopsis
Plant Shoots
Plant Roots
Sugar Phosphates
Arabidopsis Proteins
DNA Primers
Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis
Polymerase Chain Reaction
Base Sequence
Genes, Plant
Rights: © 2003 American Society of Plant Biologists
DOI: 10.1104/pp.103.021253
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