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|Title:||Imaging of atmospheric gravity waves in the stratosphere and upper mesosphere using satellite and ground-based observations over Australia during the TWPICE campaign|
Russell III, J.
|Citation:||Journal of Geophysical Research, 2009; 114(18):1-20|
|Publisher:||Amer Geophysical Union|
|J. H. Hecht, M. J. Alexander, R. L. Walterscheid, L. J. Gelinas, R. A. Vincent, A. D. MacKinnon, J. M. Woithe, P. T. May, W. R. Skinner, M. G. Mlynczak, and J. M. Russell III|
|Abstract:||During the Tropical Warm Pool International Cloud Experiment (TWPICE) an intense tropical low was situated between Darwin and Alice Springs, Australia. Observations made on 31 January 2006 by the Atmospheric Infrared Sounder instrument on the NASA Aqua satellite imaged the presence of atmospheric gravity waves (AGWs), at approximately 40 km altitude, with horizontal wavelengths between 200 and 400 km that were originating from the region of the storm. Airglow images obtained from Alice Springs (about 600 km from the center of the low) showed the presence of similar waves with observed periods of 1 to 2 h. The images also revealed the presence of 30- to 45-km-horizontal-wavelength AGWs with shorter observed periods of near 15 to 25 min. Ray tracing calculations show that (1) some of the long wavelength waves traveled on rays, without ducting, to the altitudes where the observations were obtained, and (2) shorter-period waves rapidly reached 85 km altitude at a horizontal distance close to the storm, thus occurring over Alice Springs only if they were trapped or ducted. The mesospheric inversion layer seen in the measured temperature data almost forms such a trapped region. The winds therefore critically control the formation of the trapped region. Wind profiles deduced from the available data show the plausibility for the formation of such a trapped region. Variations in the wind, however, would make ideal trapped region conditions short-lived, and this may account for the sporadic nature of the short-period wave observations.|
|Rights:||Copyright 2009 by the American Geophysical Union|
|Appears in Collections:||Physics publications|
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