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Type: Journal article
Title: Dengue Virus infection induces upregulation of GRP78, which acts to chaperone viral antigen production
Author: Wati, S.
Soo, M.
Zilm, P.
Li, P.
Paton, A.
Burrell, C.
Beard, M.
Carr, J.
Citation: Journal of Virology, 2009; 83(24):12871-12880
Publisher: Amer Soc Microbiology
Issue Date: 2009
ISSN: 0022-538X
Statement of
S. Wati, M.-L. Soo, P. Zilm, P. Li, A. W. Paton, C. J. Burrell, M. Beard and J. M. Carr
Abstract: Dengue virus (DENV) pathogenesis is related to the host responses to viral infection within target cells, and therefore, this study assessed intracellular changes in host proteins following DENV infection. Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and mass spectrometry identified upregulation of the host endoplasmic reticulum (ER) chaperone GRP78 in K562 cells following DENV infection, in the absence of virus-induced cell death. Upregulation of GRP78 in DENV-infected cells was confirmed by immunostaining and confocal microscopy and by Western blot analysis and was also observed in DENV-infected primary monocyte-derived macrophages, a natural target cell type for DENV infection. GRP78 was upregulated in both DENV antigen-positive and -negative cells in the DENV-infected culture, suggesting a bystander effect, with the highest GRP78 levels coincident with high-level DENV antigen production and infectious-virus release. Transfection of target cells to express GRP78 prior to DENV challenge did not affect subsequent DENV infection, but cleavage of GRP78 with the SubAB toxin, during an established DENV infection, yielded a 10- to 100-fold decrease in infectious-virus release, loss of intracellular DENV particles, and a dramatic decrease in intracellular DENV antigen. However, DENV RNA levels were unchanged, indicating normal DENV RNA replication but altered DENV antigen levels in the absence of GRP78. Thus, GRP78 is upregulated by DENV infection and is necessary for DENV antigen production and/or accumulation. This may be a common requirement for viruses such as flaviviruses that depend heavily on the ER for coordinated protein production and processing
Keywords: K562 Cells
Vero Cells
Dengue Virus
Heat-Shock Proteins
Antigens, Viral
Virus Replication
Chlorocebus aethiops
Endoplasmic Reticulum Chaperone BiP
Description: Copyright © 2009, American Society for Microbiology
DOI: 10.1128/JVI.01419-09
Appears in Collections:Aurora harvest 5
Molecular and Biomedical Science publications

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