Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/57157
Type: Journal article
Title: Effect of glycomacropeptides (GMP) on satiety hormones and food intake
Author: Clifton, P.
Keogh, J.
Woonton, B.
Taylor, C.
Janakievski, F.
De Silva, K.
Citation: Australian Journal of Dairy Technology, 2009; 64(1):29-31
Publisher: Dairy Industry Association Australia
Issue Date: 2009
ISSN: 0004-9433
Statement of
Responsibility: 
P.M. Clifton, J.B. Keogh, B.W. Woonton, C.M. Taylor, F. Janakievski and K. De Silva
Abstract: Glycomacropeptide (GMP) is the hydrophilic 63 amino acid Cterminal glycopeptide released into cheese whey when κ-casein is cleaved by chymosin. GMP exists as a mixture of different glycoforms due to the carbohydrates sialic acid (NeuNAc), galactose (Gal), galactosamine (GalNAc) and glucosamine (GlcNAc) attached by O-glycosidic linkages. It has been reported that GMP stimulates the release of cholecystokinin (CC K) which may influence satiety. The objectives of this study were to manufacture different glycoforms of GMP (a poorly glycosylated GMP-approximately 3.5% NeuNAc and ~1.5% Gal) and highly glycosylated GMP (approximately 12% NeuNAc and 4% Gal) and assess the effects of these glycoforms relative to glucose on CC K, subjective measures of satiety and food intake. In a randomised double blind acute satiety study, 20 overweight or obese males (56.9±7.2 yr, 97.4±8.1 kg, 31.5±3.0 kg/m2) were recruited to consume four 50 g preloads (two GMP preparations, GMP depleted whey and glucose) with a three day interval between treatments. The energy content of the preloads was kept constant at 895 kJ. Blood samples were collected at baseline before and at 15, 30, 60, 90, 120 and 180 minutes after the preload and the CC K levels were measured. Subjective measures of satiety were recorded at the same time points. Three hours after the preload a lunch meal of hot food was provided from which subjects ate ad libitum until satisfied. Energy and nutrient intake from the food consumed was calculated. There was no significant difference in CC K levels, subjective measures of satiety or food intake between treatments at the given preload level. These results suggest that the protein fractions at the dose employed do not influence satiety, CC K levels or energy intake at a subsequent meal.
Description: This is a Special issue :IDF/​DIAA Functional Dairy Foods 2009 New opportunities and challenges in production and bioactivity of functional dairy foods : Melbourne, Australia, Feb 22-25, 2009.
RMID: 0020090407
Description (link): https://www.diaa.asn.au/publications/australian-journal-of-dairy-technology/articles/article/australian-journal-of-dairy-technology/23-adjt-articles/1140-effect-of-glycomacropeptides-gmp-on-satiety-hormones-and-food-intake
Appears in Collections:Molecular and Biomedical Science publications

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