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Type: Journal article
Title: TMS-RFID: Temporal management of large-scale RFID applications
Author: Li, X.
Liu, J.
Sheng, Q.
Zeadally, S.
Zhong, W.
Citation: Information Systems Frontiers: a journal of research and innovation, 2011; 13(4):481-500
Publisher: Springer New York LLC
Issue Date: 2011
ISSN: 1387-3326
Statement of
Xue Li, Jing Liu, Quan Z. Sheng, Sherali Zeadally andWeicai Zhong
Abstract: In coming years, there will be billions of RFID tags living in the world tagging almost everything for tracking and identification purposes. This phenomenon will impose a new challenge not only to the network capacity but also to the scalability of event processing of RFID applications. Since most RFID applications are time sensitive, we propose a notion of Time To Live (TTL), representing the period of time that an RFID event can legally live in an RFID data management system, to manage various temporal event patterns. TTL is critical in the “Internet of Things” for handling a tremendous amount of partial eventtracking results. Also, TTL can be used to provide prompt responses to time-critical events so that the RFID data streams can be handled timely. We divide TTL into four categories according to the general event-handling patterns. Moreover, to extract event sequence from an unordered event stream correctly and handle TTL constrained event sequence effectively, we design a new data structure, namely Double Level Sequence Instance List (DLSIList), to record intermediate stages of event sequences. On the basis of this, an RFID data management system, namely Temporal Management System over RFID data streams (TMSRFID), has been developed. This system can be constructed as a stand-alone middleware component to manage temporal event patterns. We demonstrate the effectiveness of TMS-RFID on extracting complex temporal event patterns through a detailed performance study using a range of high-speed data streams and various queries. The results show that TMS-RFID has a very high throughput, namely 170,000–870,000 events per second for different highly complex continuous queries. Moreover, the experiments also show that the main structure to record the intermediate stages in TMS-RFID does not increase exponentially with the number of events. These results demonstrate that TMSRFID not only supports high processing speeds, but is also highly scalable.
Keywords: RFID data management
RFID event processing
Unordered event stream
Description: First published online in 2009
Rights: © 2009 Springer. Part of Springer Science+Business Media
DOI: 10.1007/s10796-009-9211-y
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Computer Science publications

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