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Type: Journal article
Title: Hybrid discrete dynamically dimensioned search (HD-DDS) algorithm for water distribution system design optimization
Author: Tolson, B.
Asadzadeh, M.
Maier, H.
Zecchin, A.
Citation: Water Resources Research, 2009; 45(12):1-15
Publisher: Amer Geophysical Union
Issue Date: 2009
ISSN: 0043-1397
Statement of
Bryan A. Tolson, Masoud Asadzadeh, Holger R. Maier and Aaron Zecchin
Abstract: The dynamically dimensioned search (DDS) continuous global optimization algorithm by Tolson and Shoemaker (2007) is modified to solve discrete, single-objective, constrained water distribution system (WDS) design problems. The new global optimization algorithm for WDS optimization is called hybrid discrete dynamically dimensioned search (HD-DDS) and combines two local search heuristics with a discrete DDS search strategy adapted from the continuous DDS algorithm. The main advantage of the HD-DDS algorithm compared with other heuristic global optimization algorithms, such as genetic and ant colony algorithms, is that its searching capability (i.e., the ability to find near globally optimal solutions) is as good, if not better, while being significantly more computationally efficient. The algorithm's computational efficiency is due to a number of factors, including the fact that it is not a population-based algorithm and only requires computationally expensive hydraulic simulations to be conducted for a fraction of the solutions evaluated. This paper introduces and evaluates the algorithm by comparing its performance with that of three other algorithms (specific versions of the genetic algorithm, ant colony optimization, and particle swarm optimization) on four WDS case studies (21- to 454-dimensional optimization problems) on which these algorithms have been found to perform well. The results obtained indicate that the HD-DDS algorithm outperforms the state-of-the-art existing algorithms in terms of searching ability and computational efficiency. In addition, the algorithm is easier to use, as it does not require any parameter tuning and automatically adjusts its search to find good solutions given the available computational budget.
DOI: 10.1029/2008WR007673
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