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dc.contributor.advisorDavies, Christopheren
dc.contributor.advisorFord, Christopher Michaelen
dc.contributor.advisorLoveys, Brianen
dc.contributor.authorWheeler, Susan Faithen
dc.description.abstractHormones control plant development by coordinating changes in the expression of numerous genes at crucial times in a tissue and organ-specific manner. They have been implicated in controlling various aspects of grape berry development, in particular, the important process of ripening and are used in some crops to control growth and ripening. Abscisic acid (ABA), is associated in grapevine with the response to water stress but may also have a role in berry ripening. We have shown over three seasons that ABA levels in Cabernet Sauvignon berries increase dramatically at veraison, consistent with it being involved either as a trigger for ripening or as a response to the increase in sugars that occurs at this time. Net ABA accumulation doesn't occur until veraison, the decrease in ABA concentration in the first phase of berry development being due to berry expansion. The decrease in ABA that occurs later in development is likely to be due to a combination of catabolism and sequestration into the bound form. The genes crucial to ABA synthesis, 9-cis-epoxycarotenoid dioxygenase (NCED) and zeaxanthin epoxidase (ZEP), were expressed throughout berry development and no clear correlation was found between their levels and that of ABA. Laboratory studies have shown that isolated berries respond to the presence of sucrose through an increase in ABA biosynthesis pathway gene expression (NCED and ZEP). This resulted in de novo synthesis of ABA as inhibition of the carotenoid synthesis pathway by a phytoene desaturase inhibitor prevented ABA accumulation. Replicated field trials clearly showed that ABA treatments can be effective in significantly enhancing ripening when applied in at or near the end of the first period of berry expansion. Colour accumulation in the skins commenced earlier in ABA-treated fruit as did the increase in sugar levels. ABA treatment also advanced the timing of the second phase of berry expansion as it appeared to eliminate the lag phase of berry growth. Taken together these data demonstrate that ABA is likely to play some part in the control of berry ripening and can be used to advance the timing of ripening. Further investigation into the characteristics of ABA-treated fruit will be needed to investigate the compositional character of treated fruit and to gauge its suitability for winemaking. An ability to control the timing of ripening may provide considerable benefits to the wine industry in terms of wine style/quality and for winery scheduling.en
dc.subjectgrape; berry; hormone; ABA; abscisicen
dc.subject.lcshAbscisic acid.en
dc.titleThe role of abscisic acid in grape berry development.en
dc.contributor.schoolSchool of Agriculture, Food and Wine : Wine and Horticultureen
dc.provenanceThis electronic version is made publicly available by the University of Adelaide in accordance with its open access policy for student theses. Copyright in this thesis remains with the author. This thesis may incorporate third party material which has been used by the author pursuant to Fair Dealing exception. If you are the author of this thesis and do not wish it to be made publicly available or If you are the owner of any included third party copyright material you wish to be removed from this electronic version, please complete the take down form located at:
dc.description.dissertationThesis (Ph.D.) - The University of Adelaide, School of Agriculture, Food & Wine, 2007.en
Appears in Collections:Research Theses

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