Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/57975
Type: Thesis
Title: Beta-cyclodextrin modification and host-guest complexation
Author: Pham, Duc-Truc
Issue Date: 2008
School/Discipline: School of Chemistry and Physics : Chemistry
Abstract: A series of five linked β-cyclodextrin (βCD) dimers N,N-bis(6 [superscript]A-deoxy-6[superscript]A-β-cyclodextrinyl)-succinamide, 66βCD₂su, N-((2[superscript]A S,3 [superscript]A S)-3 [superscript]A-deoxy-3 [superscript]A-β-cyclodextrinyl)-N’-(6 [superscript]A-deoxy-6 [superscript]A -β-cyclodextrinyl)-urea, 36βCD₂su, N,N-bis((2 [superscript]A S,3 [superscript]A S)-3 [superscript]A -deoxy-3 [superscript]A-β-cyclodextrinyl)-succinamide, 33βCD₂su, N,N-bis(6[superscript]A-deoxy-6[superscript]A-β-cyclodextrinyl)-urea, 66βCD₂ur, and N-((2 [superscript]A S,3 [superscript]A S)-3 [superscript]A-deoxy-3 [superscript]A-β-cyclodextrinyl)-N’-(6 [superscript]A -deoxy-6 [superscript]A -β-cyclodextrinyl)urea, 36βCD₂ur, has been prepared. The complexation of 6-(4’-(toluidinyl)naphthalene-2-sulphonate, TNS⁻, by βCD and the five linked βCD dimers was characterized by UV, fluorescence and 2D ¹H ROESY NMR spectroscopy. In aqueous phosphate buffer at pH 7.0, I = 0.10 mol dm⁻³ and 298.2 K, TNS⁻ forms host-guest complexes with βCD of stoichiometry βCD.TNS⁻ (K₁ = 3020 and 3320 dm³ mol⁻¹) and βCD₂.TNS⁻ (K₂ = 57 and 11 dm³ mol⁻¹) where the first and second values were determined in UV and fluorescence studies, respectively. For 66βCD₂su, 36βCD₂su, 33βCD₂su, 66βCD₂ur and 36βCD₂ur, the analogous K₁ = 16100, 10900, 10700, 55100 and 18300 dm³ mol⁻¹ and K₁ = 12500, 8700, 9600, 38000 and 9800 dm³ mol⁻¹(fluorimetric studies), respectively. ¹H 2D ROESY NMR studies provided evidence for variation of the mode of complexation of the TNS⁻ guest as the βCD host is changed. The factors affecting complexation are discussed. UV and ¹H NMR studies showed that 6-(4’-(t-butyl)-phenyl)naphthalene-2-sulphonate, BNS⁻, and its dimer, (BNS⁻)₂, form host-guest complexes with βCD of the stoichiometry βCD.BNS⁻ (K₁ = 5.54 × 10⁴ dm³ mol⁻¹ ) and βCD.BNS₂ ²⁻(K₂ = 3.07 × 10² dm³ mol⁻¹ ) where the complexation constant K₁ = [βCD.BNS⁻]/([βCD][BNS⁻] and K₂ = [βCD.(BNS⁻)₂]/([βCD.BNS⁻][BNS⁻]) in aqueous phosphate buffer at pH 7.0, I = 0.10 mol dm⁻³ and 298.2 K. For 66βCD₂su, 36βCD₂su, 33βCD₂su, 66βCD₂ur and 36βCD₂ur the analogous K₁ = 125, 74, 10.2, 364 and 16.1 (× 10⁴ dm³ mol⁻¹ ) and K₂ = 25.7, 2.30, 2.57, 17.6 and 17.2 (× 10² dm³ mol⁻¹ ), respectively. For the dimerisation of BNS⁻ K[subscript]d = 2.63 × 10² dm³ mol⁻¹ . Fluorimetric studies showed that the complexation stability for βCD.BNS⁻, forms βCD. BNS⁻, 66βCD₂su.BNS⁻, 36βCD₂su.BNS⁻, 33βCD₂su. BNS⁻, 66βCD₂ur.BNS⁻ and 36βCD₂ur. BNS⁻ characterized by K₁ = 4.67, 330, 101, 11.0, 435 and 29.6 (× 10⁴ dm³ mol⁻¹ ), respectively. The factors affecting the variations in these data are discussed. The enantioselectivity of substituted βCDs 6 [superscript]A -[bis (carboxylatomethyl)amino]-6 [superscript]A -deoxy-β-cyclodextrin (6βCDidaH₂) and (2 [superscript]A S,3 [superscript]A S)-3 [superscript]A -[bis(carboxylatomethyl)amino]-3[superscript]A -deoxy-β-cyclodextrin (3βCDidaH₂) and 6 [superscript]A -[tris(carboxylatomethyl)(2- aminoethyl)amino]-6 [superscript]A -deoxy-β-cyclodextrin (6βCDedtaH₃) and their Eu³ ⁺ complexes in forming host-guest complexes with six enantiomeric guests in D₂O was studied by 1D and 2D ¹H NMR (600 MHz) spectroscopy. The guests are D/L-tryptophanate (Trp⁻), 4-hydroxyl-D/L-phenylglycinate (4HOPhg⁻), D/L-histidinate (His⁻), D/L-pheniramine (Phm), D/L-phenylglycinate (Phg⁻) and (D/L)-β-phenylserinate (βPhs⁻). Enantioselective host-guest complexation was observed between the [Eu(6βCDida)]⁺ , [Eu(3βCDida)]⁺ and [Eu(6βCDedta)] complexes and Trp⁻, [Eu(6βCDida)]⁺ and [Eu(3βCDida)]⁺ and 4HOPhg⁻, and βCD, 6βCDida²⁻, 3βCDida²⁻, 6βCDedta³⁻ and the Eu³⁺complexes of the three substituted βCDs and Phm. The His⁻, Phg⁻ and βPhs⁻ enantiomers showed no evidence for selective host-guest complexation. The preparation of 3βCDidaH₂ and 6βCDedtaH₃ and the determination of their pK[subscript]a s are also reported. In collaboration with the research group of Prof. Matthew A. Tarr, (University of New Orleans, USA), the 6βCDida²⁻ and the 6βCDedta³⁻ has been utilized to improve Fenton oxidation of aromatic pollutants. To further support to this work, the binary complexation of Fe² ⁺ by 6βCDida²⁻ has been studied by potentiometric titrations. A series of six modified poly(acrylic acid)s 3% substituted with either βCD or the adamantyl moiety with different length of substituent chain was synthesised. To advance the understanding and control of aqueous supramolecular assembly, the host-guest interactions between the βCD substituted poly(acrylic acid)s and adamantane-1-carboxylic; adamantyl substituted poly(acrylic acid)s with βCD and linked βCD dimers; and between both βCD and adamantyl substituted poly(acrylic acid)s have been studied.
Advisor: Lincoln, Stephen Frederick
Dissertation Note: Thesis (Ph.D.) -- University of Adelaide, School of Chemistry and Physics, 2008
Keywords: cyclodextrin; supramolecular; host-guest complexation; NMR; fluorscence; UV; potentiometric titraties; enantioselectivity
Description: This electronic version is made publicly available by the University of Adelaide in accordance with its open access policy for student theses. Copyright in this thesis remains with the author. This thesis may incorporate third party material which has been used by the author pursuant to Fair Dealing exceptions. If you are the owner of any included third party copyright material you wish to be removed from this electronic version, please complete the take down form located at: http://www.adelaide.edu.au/legals
This electronic version is made publicly available by the University of Adelaide in accordance with its open access policy for student theses. Copyright in this thesis remains with the author. This thesis may incorporate third party material which has been used by the author pursuant to Fair Dealing exceptions. If you are the owner of any included third party copyright material you wish to be removed from this electronic version, please complete the take down form located at: http://www.adelaide.edu.au/legals
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