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|Title:||(R)-(3-Amino-2-fluoropropyl) Phosphinic Acid (AZD3355), a Novel GABA(B) Receptor Agonist, Inhibits Transient Lower Esophageal Sphincter Relaxation through a Peripheral Mode of Action|
von Unge, S.
|Citation:||Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, 2009; 331(2):504-512|
|Publisher:||Amer Soc Pharmacology Experimental Therapeutics|
|Anders Lehmann, Madeleine Antonsson, Ann Aurell Holmberg, L. Ashley Blackshaw, Lena Brändén, Hans Bräuner-Osborne, Bolette Christiansen, John Dent, Thomas Elebring, Britt-Marie Jacobson, Jörgen Jensen, Jan P. Mattsson, Karolina Nilsson, Simo S. Oja, Amanda J. Page, Pirjo Saransaari and Sverker von Unge|
|Abstract:||Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) affects >10% of the Western population. Conventionally, GERD is treated by reducing gastric acid secretion, which is effective in most patients but inadequate in a significant minority. We describe a new therapeutic approach for GERD, based on inhibition of transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxation (TLESR) with a proposed peripherally acting GABA(B) receptor agonist, (R)-(3-amino-2-fluoropropyl)phosphinic acid (AZD3355). AZD3355 potently stimulated recombinant human GABA(B) receptors and inhibited TLESR in dogs, with a biphasic dose-response curve. In mice, AZD3355 produced considerably less central side effects than the prototypical GABA(B) receptor agonist baclofen but evoked hypothermia at very high doses (blocked by a GABA(B) receptor antagonist and absent in GABA(B)-/- mice). AZD3355 and baclofen differed markedly in their distribution in rat brain; AZD3355, but not baclofen, was concentrated in circumventricular organs as a result of active uptake (shown by avid intracellular sequestration) and related to binding of AZD3355 to native GABA transporters in rat cerebrocortical membranes. AZD3355 was also shown to be transported by all four recombinant human GABA transporters. AR-H061719 [(R/S)-(3-amino-2-fluoropropyl)phosphinic acid], (the racemate of AZD3355) inhibited the response of ferret mechanoreceptors to gastric distension, further supporting its peripheral site of action on TLESR. In summary, AZD3355 probably inhibits TLESR through stimulation of peripheral GABA(B) receptors and may offer a potential new approach to treatment of GERD.|
|Keywords:||Esophageal Sphincter, Lower; Vagus Nerve; Peripheral Nerves; Animals; Dogs; Ferrets; Humans; Mice; Rats; Rats, Sprague-Dawley; Hypothermia; Phosphinic Acids; Calcium; Propylamines; Baclofen; Receptors, GABA-B; Protein Isoforms; GABA Agonists; Autoradiography; Binding, Competitive; Protein Binding; Membrane Potentials; Muscle Relaxation; Dose-Response Relationship, Drug; Female; GABA Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins; GABA-B Receptor Agonists; In Vitro Techniques|
|Rights:||© 2009 by The American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics|
|Appears in Collections:||Medicine publications|
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