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Type: Journal article
Title: Burns to persons suffering from diabetes: a systemic preventive approach
Author: Abu-Qamar, M.
Wilson, A.
Citation: Journal of Nursing and Healthcare of Chronic Illness: an international interdisciplinary journal, 2009; 2009(2):126-138
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Issue Date: 2009
ISSN: 1752-9816
Statement of
Ma'en Zaid Abu-Qamar Dnurs and Anne Wilson
Abstract: Aims: To report the findings of an investigation of patients with diabetes and burns, with emphasis on implications for practice: primary and secondary preventions. Background: Diabetes and burns are complex conditions with multi-system involvements, which worsen outcomes for patients, and their management. This research investigated outcomes for patients and diabetes management. Methods: Data on outcomes were obtained from records of patients hospitalised for foot burns in an Australian hospital from 1999–2004. A questionnaire survey design was employed to obtain information on how clinicians in burns units manage diabetes. SPSS was used to analyse data obtained from both resources. Comments written in the questionnaire were analysed using relational analysis. Results: Of the 64 patients, 12 were with diabetes and 52 were without diabetes. Those with diabetes were more likely to sustain contact foot burns (58•3% Diabetes Mellitus vs. 13•5% non Diabetes Mellitus χ2 = 11•487, p = 0•002). The duration of hospitalisation was statistically significantly longer among patients with diabetes compared with those without diabetes (U = 169, p = 0•014); although the two groups were not statistically significant different in terms of severity of burns and received treatment. Of the 29 clinical leaders, 21 (72%) indicated that they regularly provided care to patients with diabetes. Most respondents (n = 15; 58%) reported that new plans need to be initiated to accommodate the combined insult of diabetes and burns. Diabetes centres were located in all participating sites; but not always involved in the process of care. Conclusion: The co-existence of diabetes and burns worsens outcomes for patients, and complicates management plans. Optimal management can be achieved via a multidisciplinary approach starting with glycaemic control, and continued to aggressive management of diabetes and burns.
Keywords: burn injury
chronic illness
Rights: Journal compilation © 2010 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
DOI: 10.1111/j.1752-9824.2009.01013.x
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