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Type: Journal article
Title: Divergence Among an International Population of Trichophyton tonsurans Isolates
Author: Abdel-Rahman, S.
Sugita, T.
Gonzalez, G.
Ellis, D.
Arabatzis, M.
Vella-Zahra, L.
Viguie-Vallanet, C.
Hiruma, M.
Leeder, J.
Preuett, B.
Citation: Mycopathologia, 2010; 169(1):1-13
Publisher: Kluwer Academic Publ
Issue Date: 2010
ISSN: 0301-486X
Statement of
Susan M. Abdel-Rahman, Takashi Sugita, Gloria M. González, David Ellis, Michalis Arabatzis, Loranne Vella-Zahra, Calude Viguié-Vallanet, Masataro Hiruma, J. Steven Leeder and Barry Preuett
Abstract: Trichophyton tonsurans is a widely distributed pathogen that demonstrates a significant degree of genetic and phenetic heterogeneity. To date, the degree of genetic relatedness among geographically segregated isolates has not been explored. This investigation evaluates the extent of genetic variation among an international population of T. tonsurans isolates and examines the relatedness of isolates within and between countries. Molecular strain typing was performed on 198 isolates obtained from 14 countries. A mixed-marker strategy utilizing 27 sequence variations in 13 gene loci was applied to all isolates and cluster analysis was performed to examine the relationship between strains. Phylogenetic analysis was used to corroborate the findings of the cluster analysis with T. equinum strains serving as an out-group. In total, 47 distinct strain types were identified represented by seven clusters and one singleton. There appeared to be a moderate degree of clustering among isolates obtained from North America, Asia and Australia, although European isolates were uniformly distributed among the majority of clusters. The degree of genetic variation observed in this study coupled with the geographic localization would support the argument for allopatric divergence within this species.
Keywords: Dermatophyte
Trichophyton tonsurans
Trichophyton equinum
Strain typing
Rights: © Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009
DOI: 10.1007/s11046-009-9223-7
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Appears in Collections:Aurora harvest 5
Molecular and Biomedical Science publications

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