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Type: Journal article
Title: The cerebrovascular effects of adrenaline, noradrenaline and dopamine infusions under propofol and isoflurane anaesthesia in sheep
Author: Myburgh, J.
Upton, R.
Grant, C.
Martinez, A.
Citation: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, 2002; 30(6):725-733
Publisher: Australian Soc Anaesthetists
Issue Date: 2002
ISSN: 0310-057X
Abstract: Infusions of catecholamines are frequently administered to patients receiving propofol or isoflurane anaesthesia. Interactions between these drugs may affect regional circulations, such as the brain. The aim of this animal (sheep) study was to determine the effects of ramped infusions of adrenaline, noradrenaline (10, 20, 40 µg/min) and dopamine (10, 20, 40 µg/kg/min) on cerebral blood flow (CBF), intracranial pressure (ICP), cerebrovascular resistance (CVR) and cerebral metabolic rate for oxygen (CMRO₂). These measurements were made under awake physiological conditions, and during continuous propofol (15 mg/min) or 2% isoflurane anaesthesia. All three catecholamines significantly and equivalently increased mean arterial pressure from baseline in a dose-dependent manner in the three cohorts (P<0.001). In the awake cohort (n=8), dopamine (P<0.01) significantly increased CBF from baseline whilst adrenaline and noradrenaline did not (P>0.05). Under propofol (n=6) and isoflurane (n=6), all three catecholamines significantly increased CBF (P<0.001). Dopamine caused the greatest increase in CBF, and was associated with significant increases in ICP (awake: P<0.001; propofol P<0.05; isoflurane P<0.001) and CVR (isoflurane P<0.05). No significant changes in CMRO₂ were demonstrated. Under propofol and isoflurane anaesthesia, the cerebrovascular effects of catecholamines were significantly different from the awake, physiological state, with dopamine demonstrating the most pronounced effects, particularly under propofol. Dopamine-induced hyperaemia was associated with other cerebrovascular changes. In the presence of an equivalent effect on mean arterial pressure, the exaggerated cerebrovascular effects under anaesthesia appear to be centrally mediated, possibly induced by propofol- or isoflurane-dependent changes in blood-brain barrier permeability, thereby causing a direct influence on the cerebral vasculature.
Keywords: Brain; Animals; Sheep; Epinephrine; Norepinephrine; Catecholamines; Dopamine; Isoflurane; Propofol; Anesthetics, Inhalation; Anesthetics, Intravenous; Anesthesia; Infusions, Intravenous; Oxygen Consumption; Blood Pressure; Cerebrovascular Circulation; Intracranial Pressure; Dose-Response Relationship, Drug; Female
Description: Publisher's copy made available with the permission of the publisher © Australian Society of Anaesthetists
RMID: 0020021127
DOI: 10.1177/0310057x0203000602
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Appears in Collections:Anaesthesia and Intensive Care publications

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