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Type: Journal article
Title: Lack of association between aortic sclerosis and left ventricular hypertrophy in elderly subjects
Author: Nightingale, A.
Sverdlov, A.
Rajendran, S.
Mishra, K.
Heresztyn, T.
Ngo, D.
Horowitz, J.
Citation: International Journal of Cardiology, 2011; 150(1):33-38
Publisher: Elsevier Sci Ireland Ltd
Issue Date: 2011
ISSN: 0167-5273
Statement of
Angus K. Nightingale, Aaron L. Sverdlov, Sharmalar Rajendran, Kumaril Mishra, Tamila Heresztyn, Doan T.M. Ngo, John D. Horowitz
Abstract: Methods: 79 subjects, mean age 68 ± 6 years, without existing cardiovascular disease or previous antihypertensive therapy were studied. LV volumes were calculated from the short axis stack of cardiac MRI and LV mass was indexed to height2.7. The presence of aortic sclerosis was assessed with echocardiography using backscatter from the aortic valve (AVBS) and visual scoring. Plasma asymmetric dimethylarginine levels and vascular responses to salbutamol were used to assess endothelial function. ANCOVA was used to test the relationship between LV mass index and afterload. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to find determinants of increased LV mass. Results: 15 (19%) of subjects had aortic sclerosis on the basis of AVBS; none had aortic valve areas < 1.5 cm2. There was no significant difference in LV mass between subjects with and without aortic sclerosis. While LV mass was directly related to systolic blood pressure, this relationship was independent of the presence/absence of aortic sclerosis. On multivariate analysis, significant correlates of increased LV mass were male gender, systolic blood pressure and increased BMI, but not presence of aortic sclerosis. Conclusions: In this aging normotensive population free of established cardiovascular disease, aortic sclerosis is not associated with left ventricular hypertrophy.
Keywords: Aortic valve sclerosis
Endothelial function
Left ventricular hypertrophy
Cardiac magnetic resonance
Rights: Copyright © 2010 Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2010.02.024
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