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Type: Journal article
Title: The long-term effects of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy as a relapse prevention treatment for major depressive disorder
Author: Mathew, K.
Whitford, H.
Kenny, M.
Denson, L.
Citation: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 2010; 38(5):561-576
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Issue Date: 2010
ISSN: 1352-4658
Statement of
Kate L. Mathew, Hayley S. Whitford, Maura A. Kenny and Linley A. Denson
Abstract: <h4>Background</h4>Mindfulness-based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) is a relapse prevention treatment for major depressive disorder.<h4>Method</h4>An observational clinical audit of 39 participants explored the long-term effects of MBCT using standardized measures of depression (BDI-II), rumination (RSS), and mindfulness (MAAS).<h4>Results</h4>MBCT was associated with statistically significant reductions in depression from pre to post treatment. Gains were maintained over time (Group 1, 1-12 months, p = .002; Group 2, 13-24 months, p = .001; Group 3, 25-34 months, p = .04). Depression scores in Group 3 did begin to worsen, yet were still within the mild range of the BDI-II. Treatment variables such as attendance at "booster" sessions and ongoing mindfulness practice correlated with better depression outcomes (p = .003 and p = .03 respectively). There was a strong negative correlation between rumination and mindful attention (p < .001), consistent with a proposed mechanism of metacognition in the efficacy of MBCT.<h4>Conclusion</h4>It is suggested that ongoing MBCT skills and practice may be important for relapse prevention over the longer term. Larger randomized studies of the mechanisms of MBCT with longer follow-up periods are recommended.
Keywords: Mindfulness
cognitive therapy
long-term outcome
Rights: © British Association for Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapies 2010
DOI: 10.1017/S135246581000010X
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