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|Title:||Recirculatory model of fentanyl disposition with the brain as the target organ|
|Citation:||British Journal of Anaesthesia, 2004; 93(5):687-697|
|Publisher:||Oxford Univ Press|
|Abstract:||Background. The factors affecting the concentrations of fentanyl in the brain after intravenous administration have not been completely quantified. Methods. A model integrating the role of brain, lung and systemic kinetics was developed based on data from conscious instrumented sheep. Brain kinetics were inferred from arterio-sagittal sinus concentration gradients and cerebral blood flow, and lung kinetics from the pulmonary artery–aortic gradient and cardiac output. The best models of the lung and brain were incorporated into a recirculatory model of the whole-body disposition of fentanyl. The validity of the model structure was tested by its ability to describe published data on the effect of hypo-, normo- and hypercarbia on the blood and brain concentrations of fentanyl in anaesthetized dogs. Results. The cerebral kinetics of fentanyl were consistent with partial membrane limitation: the time to 50% equilibration with arterial blood was 10.0 min. Lung kinetics had two distinct components: a shallow compartment that was 50% equilibrated with blood in 0.72 min, and a loss term probably representing sequestration. Despite its simplicity, the recirculatory model was an adequate description of the sheep data. The dog data could be described if cerebral blood flow and cardiac output in the model were allowed to differ between hypo-, normo- and hypercarbic states. The required flow changes were in good agreement with the known effect of these states in the dog. Conclusions. A recirculatory model with the brain as a target organ defined the quantitative relationship between the brain concentrations of fentanyl and the circulatory state.|
|Keywords:||Lung; Brain; Animals; Sheep; Carbon Dioxide; Oxygen; Fentanyl; Analgesics, Opioid; Tissue Distribution; Cerebrovascular Circulation; Partial Pressure; Models, Biological; Female; Hemodynamics|
|Description:||Copyright © 2008 The Board of Management and Trustees of the British Journal of Anaesthesia|
|Appears in Collections:||Anaesthesia and Intensive Care publications|
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