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|Title:||The contrasting influence of short-term hypoxia on the hydraulic properties of cells and roots of wheat and lupin|
|Citation:||Functional Plant Biology, 2010; 37(3):183-193|
|Publisher:||C S I R O Publishing|
|Helen Bramley, Neil C. Turner, David W. Turner and Stephen D. Tyerman|
|Abstract:||Little is known about water flow across intact root cells and roots in response to hypoxia. Responses may be rapid if regulated by aquaporin activity, but only if water crosses membranes. We measured the transport properties of roots and cortical cells of three important crop species in response to hypoxia (0.05 mol O₂ m–3): wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), narrow-leafed lupin (Lupinus angustifolius L.) and yellow lupin (Lupinus luteus L.). Hypoxia influenced solute transport within minutes of exposure as indicated by increases in root pressure (Pr) and decreases in turgor pressure (Pc), but these effects were only significant in lupins. Re-aeration returned Pr to original levels in yellow lupin, but in narrow-leafed lupin, Pr declined to zero or lower values without recovery even when re-aerated. Hypoxia inhibited hydraulic conductivity of root cortical cells (Lpc) in all three species, but only inhibited hydraulic conductivity of roots (Lpr) in wheat, indicating different pathways for radial water flow across lupin and wheat roots. The inhibition of Lpr of wheat depended on the length of the root, and inhibition of Lpc in the endodermis could account for the changes in Lpr. During re-aeration, aquaporin activity increased in wheat roots causing an overshoot in Lpr. The results of this study demonstrate that the roots of these species not only vary in hydraulic properties but also vary in their sensitivity to the same external O₂ concentration.|
|Keywords:||hydraulic conductivity; oxygen deficiency; pressure probe; root pressure; turgor pressure.|
|Rights:||© CSIRO 2010|
|Appears in Collections:||Agriculture, Food and Wine publications|
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