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Type: Journal article
Title: Calculating the hybrid (macro) rate constants of a three-compartment mamillary pharmacokinetic model from known micro-rate constants
Author: Upton, R.
Citation: Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods, 2004; 49(1):65-68
Publisher: Elsevier Science Inc
Issue Date: 2004
ISSN: 1056-8719
Abstract: INTRODUCTION: While there are published equations for calculating the hybrid (macro) rates constants (lambda1 and lambda2) of a two-compartment mamillary pharmacokinetic model from its micro-rate constants (e.g., k12, k21 etc.), there appears to be no report of an analogous method for a three-compartment model. The hybrid rate constants are the exponents of the multi-exponential equation describing the time-course of the predicted blood concentrations. METHODS: Using the method of Wagner, the differential equations of a three-compartment model were solved by transformation into the Laplace domain then matrix manipulation. The inversion of the result back into the time domain requires finding the roots of a cubic polynomial. The equations of a convenient method for doing so are reported. This "analytical" method for finding the hybrid rate constants was compared with an alternative "simulation and fitting" method. For this, a model with known micro-rate constants was used to predict a time-course of blood concentrations for a bolus dose, which was then fitted to a tri-exponential equation to find the hybrid rate constants. RESULTS: The hybrid rate constants for the two methods were identical to at least four significant figures, confirming the validity of the analytical equations. DISCUSSION: The equations presented here fill a gap in the pharmacokinetic literature, which may be useful in some applications considering the widespread use of the three-compartment mamillary pharmacokinetic model.
Keywords: Propofol; Pharmacokinetics; Algorithms; Models, Biological; Time Factors
RMID: 0020041288
DOI: 10.1016/j.vascn.2003.09.001
Appears in Collections:Anaesthesia and Intensive Care publications

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