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|Title:||The effects of PG600 and boar exposure on oestrus detection and potential litter size following mating at either the induced (pubertal) or second oestrus|
Van Wettere, W.
|Citation:||Animal Reproduction Science, 2009; 114(1-3):219-227|
|Publisher:||Elsevier Science BV|
|A. Bartlett, S.J. Pain, P.E. Hughes, P. Stott, W.H.E.J. van Wettere|
|Abstract:||Within gilt pools, incidences of delayed puberty attainment, failure to exhibit regular oestrous cycles and low first litter size are often high. Boar exposure is an effective method of accelerating puberty; however, the timing of gilt response can vary greatly. Although, PG600® (400 IU of PMSG and 200 IU of hCG; Intervet) can induce a rapid and synchronous ovulatory response, thus providing an alternative to boar contact, the quality of the response is often variable. This study compared the effect of PG600, either alone (NBC) or in conjunction with boar exposure (BC), on puberty attainment and maintenance of oestrous cyclicity. The effects of first mating these gilts at the hormonally induced (pubertal) or second oestrus on ovulation rate and early embryo survival were also studied. Eighty Large White cross terminal (Duroc) line gilts were used in this study. The study was conducted in two blocks, with 10 gilts allocated to each of the four treatments in each block. Gilts were artificially inseminated at the allocated oestrus, with the reproductive tracts collected at 26.5±0.29 days after first mating (mean±S.E.M.), and the number of corpora lutea and viable embryos recorded. Mean days-to-puberty was significantly reduced (P<0.05) when gilts received both PG600 and boar exposure as opposed to PG600 alone (5.7±0.15 versus 6.9±0.37 days; P<0.01). The proportion of gilts exhibiting an ovulatory response to PG600 was similar for the BC and NBC treatment groups (0.88 and 0.84); however, the proportion of gilts exhibiting visible signs of oestrus in response to PG600 was significantly higher for the BC compared to the NBC treatment groups (0.81 versus 0.49; P<0.05). Boar contact resulted in a numerical, but not significant, increase in the proportion of gilts exhibited a second oestrus (1.00 versus 0.76). There was no significant effect of boar contact on ovulation rate, embryo number or survival. Although ovulation rate was unaffected by oestrus at mating, embryo number was significantly increased (P<0.05) following mating at the second compared to the first oestrus (11.2±0.96 versus 7.8±1.17). In conclusion, the current data indicate that the timing of puberty attainment and oestrus detection are significantly improved when PG600 treated gilts receive full boar contact. Further, it is evident that mating gilts at their second as opposed to the hormonally induced oestrus significantly increases embryo number at day 26 post-mating.|
|Keywords:||Puberty; PG600; Oestrus; Litter size|
|Rights:||© 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.|
|Appears in Collections:||Animal and Veterinary Sciences publications|
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