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dc.contributor.authorJandhyala, D.-
dc.contributor.authorRogers, T.-
dc.contributor.authorKane, A.-
dc.contributor.authorPaton, A.-
dc.contributor.authorPaton, J.-
dc.contributor.authorThorpe, C.-
dc.identifier.citationInfection and Immunity, 2010; 78(7):2984-2994-
dc.description.abstractShiga toxins expressed in the intestinal lumen during infection with Shiga-toxigenic Escherichia coli must translocate across the epithelium and enter the systemic circulation to cause systemic (pathological) effects, including hemolytic uremic syndrome. The transepithelial migration of polymorphonuclear leukocytes in response to chemokine expression by intestinal epithelial cells is thought to promote uptake of Stx from the intestinal lumen by compromising the epithelial barrier. In the present study, we investigated the hypothesis that flagellin acts in conjunction with Shiga toxin to augment this chemokine expression. We investigated the relative contributions of nuclear factor B (NF-B) and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling to transcription and translation of interleukin-8. Using reporter gene constructs, we showed that flagellin-mediated interleukin-8 gene transcription is heavily dependent on both NF-B and extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1 and 2 (ERK-1/2) activation. In contrast, inhibition of p38 has no detectable effect on interleukin-8 gene transcription, even though flagellin-mediated activation of host p38 is critical for maximal interleukin-8 protein expression. Inhibition of MAPK-interacting kinase 1 suggests that p38 signaling affects the posttranscriptional regulation of interleukin-8 protein expression induced by flagellin. Cotreatment with Stx2 and flagellin results in a synergistic upregulation of c-Jun N-terminal protein kinases (JNKs), p38 activation, and a superinduction of interleukin-8 mRNA. This synergism was also evident at the protein level, with increased interleukin-8 protein detectable following cotreatment with flagellin and Stx2. We propose that flagellin, in conjunction with Shiga toxin, synergistically upregulates stress-activated protein kinases, resulting in superinduction of interleukin-8 and, ultimately, absorption of Stx into the systemic circulation.-
dc.description.statementofresponsibilityDakshina M. Jandhyala, Trisha J. Rogers, Anne Kane, Adrienne W. Paton, James C. Paton and Cheleste M. Thorpe-
dc.publisherAmer Soc Microbiology-
dc.rightsCopyright © 2010, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved-
dc.subjectCell Line-
dc.subjectEscherichia coli Infections-
dc.subjectMitogen-Activated Protein Kinases-
dc.subjectMitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 1-
dc.subjectMitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 3-
dc.subjectp38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases-
dc.subjectNF-kappa B-
dc.subjectFluorescent Antibody Technique, Indirect-
dc.subjectEnzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay-
dc.subjectCloning, Molecular-
dc.subjectReverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction-
dc.subjectSignal Transduction-
dc.subjectEnzyme Activation-
dc.subjectShiga Toxin 2-
dc.subjectShiga-Toxigenic Escherichia coli-
dc.titleShiga toxin 2 and Flagellin from Shiga-toxigenic Escherichia coli superinduce interleukin-8 through synergistic effects on host stress-activated protein kinase activation-
dc.typeJournal article-
dc.identifier.orcidPaton, J. [0000-0001-9807-5278]-
Appears in Collections:Aurora harvest
Molecular and Biomedical Science publications

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