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Type: Journal article
Title: New insights into tooth wear based on in vitro studies
Author: Richards, L.
Kaidonis, J.
Townsend, G.
Citation: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part J: Journal of Engineering Tribology, 2010; 224(6):551-558
Publisher: Professional Engineering Publishing Ltd
Issue Date: 2010
ISSN: 1350-6501
Statement of
L. C. Richards, J. A. Kaidonis and G. C. Townsend
Abstract: In vitro experimental systems for the study of tooth wear have the potential to overcome the long time frames and ethical complexities involved in undertaking clinical studies. The aim of this article is to review in vitro studies undertaken by the authors and highlight areas in which significant progress has been made. Investigations of enamel, dentine, and restorative material wear and potential wear-prevention strategies were conducted using a purpose-built wear simulation machine with loads between 32 and 160 N and with specimens lubricated by solutions at pH = 6–7 (simulating a serous oral environment), pH = 3 (resembling an acidic diet), pH = 1.2 (resembling regurgitated acid), or with pooled natural saliva (pH = 7). These studies have demonstrated a linear relationship between load and the rate of dentine wear and very low wear rates for enamel except at the highest loads (when enamel and dentine wear at similar rates) and at the lowest pHs (when both enamel and dentine wear rapidly). Comparisons of wear rates for enamel and common restorative materials have shown that at low pH, the enamel tends to wear more rapidly than any of the materials considered: resin composites are more resistant to acid and high loads than glass-ionomer cements (GICs); resin-modified GICs have intermediate properties; and, most modern dental porcelains wear at about the same rate as opposing enamel. Recent studies of preventive strategies have provided evidence of the wear-reducing potential of both lubricants and remineralizing agents. Considered together, these studies have given a clearer understanding of the factors that influence the wear of enamel, dentine, and restorations under various conditions.
Keywords: tooth surface loss
experimental studies
dental materials
Rights: Copyright ©2010 Professional Engineering Publishing. All rights reserved.
DOI: 10.1243/13506501JET682
Appears in Collections:Aurora harvest 5
Dentistry publications

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