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Type: Journal article
Title: Reduced as components in highly oxidized environments: Evidence from full spectral XANES imaging using the Maia massively parallel detector
Author: Etschmann, B.
Ryan, C.
Brugger, J.
Kirkham, R.
Hough, R.
Moorhead, G.
Siddons, D.
De Geronimo, G.
Kuczewski, A.
Dunn, P.
Paterson, D.
De Jonge, M.
Howard, D.
Davey, P.
Jensen, M.
Citation: American Mineralogist, 2010; 95(5-6):884-887
Publisher: Mineralogical Soc Amer
Issue Date: 2010
ISSN: 0003-004X
Statement of
B.E. Etschmann, C.G. Ryan, J. Brugger, R. Kirkham, R.M. Hough, G. Moorhead, D.P. Siddons, G. De Geronimo, A. Kuczewski, P. Dunn, D. Paterson, M.D. De Jonge, D.L. Howard, P. Davey, and M. Jensen
Abstract: Synchrotron X-ray fluorescence (SXRF) and X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) have become standard tools to measure element concentration, distribution at micrometer- to nanometer-scale, and speciation (e.g., nature of host phase; oxidation state) in inhomogeneous geomaterials. The new Maia X-ray detector system provides a quantum leap for the method in terms of data acquisition rate. It is now possible to rapidly collect fully quantitative maps of the distribution of major and trace elements at micrometer spatial resolution over areas as large as 1 x 5 cm². Fast data acquisition rates also open the way to X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) imaging, in which spectroscopic information is available at each pixel in the map. These capabilities are critical for studying inhomogeneous Earth materials. Using a 96-element prototype Maia detector, we imaged thin sections of an oxidized pisolitic regolith (2 x 4.5 mm² at 2.5 x 2.5 µm² pixel size) and a metamorphosed, sedimentary exhalative Mn-Fe ore (3.3 x 4 mm² at 1.25 x 5 µm²). In both cases, As K-edge XANES imaging reveals localized occurrence of reduced As in parts of these oxidized samples, which would have been difficult to recognize using traditional approaches.
Keywords: Arsenic; oxidation state; XANES; element distribution; imaging; X-ray fluorescence
Rights: © 2010 Mineralogical Society of America
RMID: 0020097562
DOI: 10.2138/am.2010.3469
Grant ID:
Appears in Collections:Earth and Environmental Sciences publications

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