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|Title:||Interleukin-6 is an essential determinant of on-time parturition in the mouse|
|Citation:||Endocrinology, 2010; 151(8):3996-4006|
|Sarah A. Robertson, Inge Christiaens, Camilla L. Dorian, Dean B. Zaragoza, Alison S. Care, Anke M. Banks and David M. Olson|
|Abstract:||IL-6 abundance in amniotic fluid and uterine tissues increases in late gestation or with infection-associated preterm labor. A role in regulation of labor onset is suggested by observations that IL-6 increases expression of genes controlling prostaglandin synthesis and signaling in isolated uterine cells, but whether IL-6 is essential for normal parturition is unknown. To evaluate the physiological role of IL-6 in parturition in mice, we investigated the effect of Il6 null mutation on the timing of parturition and expression of genes associated with uterine activation. Il6 null mutant mice delivered 24 h later than wild-type mice, although circulating progesterone fell similarly in both genotypes during the prepartal period. Il6 null mutant mice were also refractory to low doses of lipopolysaccharide sufficient to induce preterm delivery in wild-type mice. The characteristic late-gestation elevation in uterine expression of Oxtr mRNA encoding oxytocin receptor, and peripartal increases in Ptgfr and Ptgs2 mRNAs regulating prostaglandin synthesis and signaling were delayed by 24 h in Il6 null mutant mice. Conversely, Ptger4 mRNA encoding the prostaglandin E receptor-4 was abnormally elevated in late-gestation in Il6 null mutant mice. Administration of recombinant IL-6 from d 11.5 postcoitum until term restored the normal timing of delivery and normalized Ptger4 mRNA expression in late gestation. We conclude that IL-6 has a key role in controlling the progression of events culminating in parturition and that it acts downstream of luteolysis in the uterus to regulate genes involved in the prostaglandin-mediated uterine activation cascade.|
|Keywords:||Animals; Mice, Inbred C57BL; Animals, Newborn; Mice, Knockout; Mice; Lipopolysaccharides; Interleukin-6; Gene Expression; Gestational Age; Pregnancy; Uterine Contraction; Parturition; Term Birth; Time Factors; Female; Obstetric Labor, Premature|
|Rights:||Copyright © 2010 by The Endocrine Society|
|Appears in Collections:||Obstetrics and Gynaecology publications|
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