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|Title:||Cardiac pacing in patients with a cervical spinal cord injury|
|Citation:||Spinal Cord, 2010; 48(12):867-871|
|Publisher:||Nature Publishing Group|
|P Rangappa, J Jeyadoss, A Flabouris, JM Clark and R Marshall|
|Abstract:||Study design: Retrospective medical record review. Objectives: To compare patients, admitted to an intensive care unit (ICU) with an acute cervical spinal cord injury (SCI) and documented motor deficit, who did, with those who did not, require a cardiac pacemaker. Setting: South Australian Tertiary Referral Intensive Care and Spinal Injury Unit. Methods: Retrospective medical record review and data set linkage. Results: From 1995 to 2007, 465 patients sustained a cervical SCI. Of these, 30 (6.5%) were admitted to ICU with a clinically assessable motor deficit and 3 (0.6% of all patients, or 10% of those admitted to ICU) required a cardiac pacemaker. All three patients had a cervical SCI, C5 (American Spinal Injury Association A) tetraplegia, and required invasive mechanical respiratory and inotropic support and a tracheostomy for weaning. Two patients (66%) were discharged alive to rehabilitation. Patients requiring a pacemaker had bradycardic episodes over a longer period (11 vs 4 days, P¼0.01), a trend towards a later onset of bradycardia (8 vs 1.5 days, P¼0.05) and a longer ICU length of stay (37 vs 10 days, P¼0.02). Conclusion: Patients with a cervical SCI requiring a cardiac pacemaker are characterized by a higher level of SCI injury and motor loss, require mechanical respiratory and inotropic support, a tracheostomy to wean, and bradycardic episodes of a later onset and over a longer period of time. These findings suggest that such patients should be managed at hospitals with specialized acute spinal injury, intensive care and cardiac pacemaker services.|
|Keywords:||cervical spinal cord injury; bradycardia; cardiovascular instability; cardiac pacemaker|
|Rights:||Copyright 2010 International Spinal Cord Society|
|Appears in Collections:||Surgery publications|
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