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Type: Journal article
Title: Traces from the past: the Cenozoic regolith and intraplate neotectonic history of the Gun Emplacement, a ferricreted bench on the western margin of the Mt Lofty Ranges, South Australia
Author: Bourman, R.
Buckman, S.
Pillans, B.
Williams, M.
Williams, F.
Citation: Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 2010; 57(5):577-595
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Ltd.
Issue Date: 2010
ISSN: 0812-0099
Statement of
R. P. Bourman, S. Buckman, B. Pillans, M. A. J. Williams and F. Williams
Abstract: The Gun Emplacement is a small but distinctive bench on the Eden-Burnside Fault Escarpment near Anstey Hill, in the northeastern suburbs of Adelaide, South Australia, occurring at an elevation of ∼210-220 m asl. It is underlain by Middle Eocene North Maslin Sand and is capped by resistant, ferricreted colluvium. Paleomagnetic dating of hematitic mottles in the ferricreted colluvium, immediately underlying the emplacement, returned a Pliocene/Early Pleistocene age. This age is equivalent to that obtained for summit surface weathering. Fault scarps and exposures, including slickensides and fault gouge material, suggest that the Eden-Burnside Fault at this location has a strong en eacutechelon pattern developed in response to reverse-sinistral oblique-slip faulting, reflecting continental stress fields. Remnants of ferricrete cappings forming stranded benches on the Eden-Burnside Fault Escarpment at elevations up to 25 m above the Gun Emplacement demonstrate recurrent tectonism of the South Mt Lofty Ranges related to intraplate deformation. There are at least four distinct ferricrete benches preserved on the eastern side of the active fault leading up from the Gun Emplacement surface. These benches demonstrate alternating periods of stability and tectonic activity disrupting and uplifting the ferricreted surfaces. A fresh surface rupture occurs and may be related to a recent seismic event.
Keywords: Cenozoic
intraplate deformation
Mt Lofty Ranges
paleochannel deposits
paleomagnetic dating
Rights: © 2010 Geological Society of Australia
DOI: 10.1080/08120099.2010.494764
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Geology & Geophysics publications

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