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Type: Journal article
Title: Correction of mucopolysaccharidosis type IIIA somatic and central nervous system pathology by lentiviral-mediated gene transfer
Author: McIntyre, C.
Byers, S.
Anson, D.
Citation: Journal of Gene Medicine, 2010; 12(9):717-728
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Ltd
Issue Date: 2010
ISSN: 1099-498X
Statement of
Chantelle McIntyre, Sharon Byers and Donald S. Anson
Abstract: <h4>Background</h4>The hallmark of lysosomal storage disorders (LSDs) is microscopically demonstrable lysosomal distension. In mucopolysaccharidosis type IIIA (MPS IIIA), this occurs as a result of an inherited deficiency of the lysosomal hydrolase sulphamidase. Consequently, heparan sulphate, a highly sulphated glycosaminoglycan, accumulates primarily within the cells of the reticulo-endothelial and monocyte-macrophage systems and, most importantly, neurones. Children affected by MPS IIIA experience a severe, progressive neuropathology that ultimately leads to death at around 15 years of age.<h4>Methods</h4>MPS IIIA pathology was addressed in a mouse model using two separate methods of therapeutic gene delivery. A lentiviral vector expressing murine sulphamidase was delivered to 6-week-old MPS IIIA affected mice either by intravenous injection, or by intraventricular infusion. Therapeutic outcomes were assessed 7 months after gene transfer.<h4>Results</h4>After intravenous gene delivery, liver sulphamidase was restored to approximately 30% of wild-type levels. The resultant widespread delivery of enzyme secreted from transduced cells to somatic tissues via the peripheral circulation corrected most somatic pathology. However, unlike an earlier study, central nervous system (CNS) pathology remained unchanged. Conversely, intraventricular gene delivery resulted in widespread sulphamidase gene delivery in (and reduced lysosomal storage throughout) the brain. Improvements in behaviour were observed in these mice, and interestingly, pathological urinary retention was prevented.<h4>Conclusions</h4>The CNS remains the last major barrier to effective therapy for children affected by LSDs. The blood-brain barrier (BBB) limits the uptake of lysosomal enzymes from the peripheral circulation into the CNS, making direct gene delivery to the brain a reasonable, albeit more challenging, therapeutic option. Future work will further assess the relative advantages of directly targeting the brain with somatic gene delivery with sulphamidase modified to increase the efficiency of transport across the BBB.
Keywords: Lentiviral vector
central nervous system
Rights: Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
DOI: 10.1002/jgm.1489
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Appears in Collections:Aurora harvest
Paediatrics publications

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