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|Title:||A randomised controlled trial of the outcome of health assessment of people aged 75 years and over|
|Citation:||Medical Journal of Australia, 2001; 175(2):104-107|
|Publisher:||Australasian Med Publ Co Ltd|
|Jonathan W Newbury, John E Marley and Justin J Beilby|
|Abstract:||<h4>Objectives</h4>To measure the outcomes of a health assessment, conducted by a nurse, of people aged 75 years and older (75+HA) living independently in their own homes.<h4>Design</h4>Randomised controlled trial (RCT).<h4>Setting</h4>A convenience sample of six general practices within the Adelaide Western Division of General Practice (AWDGP). A random sample of 100 participants was drawn from practice age-sex registers. Data were collected in initial visits between 1 August 1998 and February 1999, then in follow-up visits one year later.<h4>Participants</h4>Participants were aged 75 years and over on 1 August 1998 and living independently in the community. 145 eligible patients were invited to join the study, and 100 of these consented to enrol (69%).<h4>Intervention</h4>A 75+HA conducted in the participant's home by a nurse and reported to their usual general practitioner.<h4>Main outcome measures</h4>Primary: number of problems in each group; number of participants with problems; and mortality. Secondary: physical function; psychological (including cognitive) function; falls; and admission to institution.<h4>Results</h4>There were no significant differences between the control and intervention groups at follow-up in the number of problems, the number of participants with problems, or mortality. In the intervention group, there was significant improvement in self-rated health, geriatric depression score (GDS 15), and number of falls.<h4>Conclusions</h4>This RCT has not demonstrated improvement in health status of the intervention group which received a 75+HA compared with a control group left to usual care.|
|Keywords:||Humans; Chronic Disease; Activities of Daily Living; Geriatric Assessment; Cause of Death; Follow-Up Studies; Family Practice; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; South Australia; Female; Male|
|Description:||Copyright © 2001 Australasian Medical Publishing|
|Appears in Collections:||General Practice publications|
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