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Type: Journal article
Title: Spike timing-dependent plasticity as the origin of the formation of clustered synaptic efficacy engrams
Author: Iannella, N.
Launey, T.
Tanaka, S.
Citation: Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience, 2010; 4:1-15
Publisher: Frontiers Research Foundation
Issue Date: 2010
ISSN: 1662-5188
Statement of
Nicolangelo Libero Iannella, Thomas Launey and Shigeru Tanaka
Abstract: Synapse location, dendritic active properties and synaptic plasticity are all known to play some role in shaping the different input streams impinging onto a neuron. It remains unclear however, how the magnitude and spatial distribution of synaptic efficacies emerge from this interplay. Here, we investigate this interplay using a biophysically detailed neuron model of a reconstructed layer 2/3 pyramidal cell and spike timing-dependent plasticity (STDP). Specifically, we focus on the issue of how the efficacy of synapses contributed by different input streams are spatially represented in dendrites after STDP learning. We construct a simple feed forward network where a detailed model neuron receives synaptic inputs independently from multiple yet equally sized groups of afferent fibers with correlated activity, mimicking the spike activity from different neuronal populations encoding, for example, different sensory modalities. Interestingly, ensuing STDP learning, we observe that for all afferent groups, STDP leads to synaptic efficacies arranged into spatially segregated clusters effectively partitioning the dendritic tree. These segregated clusters possess a characteristic global organization in space, where they form a tessellation in which each group dominates mutually exclusive regions of the dendrite. Put simply, the dendritic imprint from different input streams left after STDP learning effectively forms what we term a "dendritic efficacy mosaic." Furthermore, we show how variations of the inputs and STDP rule affect such an organization. Our model suggests that STDP may be an important mechanism for creating a clustered plasticity engram, which shapes how different input streams are spatially represented in dendrite.
Keywords: STDP
spatial patterning
mutual information index
dendritic efficacy mosaic
Rights: Copyright: © 2010 Iannella, Launey and Tanaka. This is an open-access article subject to an exclusive license agreement between the authors and the Frontiers Research Foundation, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original authors and source are credited.
DOI: 10.3389/fncom.2010.00021
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