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Type: Journal article
Title: Influence of comorbidities on therapeutic progression of diabetes treatment in Australian veterans: a cohort study
Author: Vitry, A.
Roughead, E.
Preiss, A.
Ryan, P.
Ramsay, E.
Gilbert, A.
Caughey, G.
Shakib, S.
Esterman, A.
Zhang, Y.
McDermott, R.
Citation: PLoS One, 2010; 5(11):1-5
Publisher: Public Library of Science
Issue Date: 2010
ISSN: 1932-6203
Statement of
Agnes I. Vitry, Elizabeth E. Roughead, Adrian K. Preiss, Philip Ryan, Emmae N. Ramsay, Andrew L. Gilbert, Gillian E. Caughey, Sepehr Shakib, Adrian Esterman, Ying Zhang and Robyn A. McDermott
Abstract: BACKGROUND: This study assessed whether the number of comorbid conditions unrelated to diabetes was associated with a delay in therapeutic progression of diabetes treatment in Australian veterans. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: A retrospective cohort study was undertaken using data from the Australian Department of Veterans' Affairs (DVA) claims database between July 2000 and June 2008. The study included new users of metformin or sulfonylurea medicines. The outcome was the time to addition or switch to another antidiabetic treatment. The total number of comorbid conditions unrelated to diabetes was identified using the pharmaceutical-based comorbidity index, Rx-Risk-V. Competing risk regression analyses were conducted, with adjustments for a number of covariates that included age, gender, residential status, use of endocrinology service, number of hospitalisation episodes and adherence to diabetes medicines. Overall, 20134 veterans were included in the study. At one year, 23.5% of patients with diabetes had a second medicine added or had switched to another medicine, with 41.4% progressing by 4 years. The number of unrelated comorbidities was significantly associated with the time to addition of an antidiabetic medicine or switch to insulin (subhazard ratio [SHR] 0.87 [95% CI 0.84–0.91], P<0.001). Depression, cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, dementia, and Parkinson's disease were individually associated with a decreased likelihood of therapeutic progression. Age, residential status, number of hospitalisations and adherence to anti-diabetic medicines delayed therapeutic progression. CONCLUSIONS / SIGNIFICANCE: Increasing numbers of unrelated conditions decreased the likelihood of therapeutic progression in veterans with diabetes. These results have implications for the development of quality measures, clinical guidelines and the construction of models of care for management of diabetes in elderly people with comorbidities.
Keywords: Humans
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
Disease Progression
Hypoglycemic Agents
Treatment Outcome
Regression Analysis
Cohort Studies
Databases, Factual
Aged, 80 and over
Rights: Copyright: © 2010 Vitry et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0014024
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