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|Title:||Facilitating recruitment of Amphibolis as a novel approach to seagrass rehabilitation in hydrodynamically active waters|
|Citation:||Marine and Freshwater Research, 2010; 61(10):1123-1133|
|Publisher:||C S I R O Publishing|
|Rachel J. Wear, Jason E. Tanner and Sonja L. Hoare|
|Abstract:||Worldwide, 29% of seagrass habitats have been lost over the past century. Compared with large-scale losses, successful restoration programs are usually only small scale (a few hectares). One area of significant seagrass loss (>5200 ha) is Adelaide, South Australia. Improvements to wastewater management have raised the possibility of rehabilitation in this area. Traditional methods of seagrass restoration are expensive and have had limited success owing to high wave energy. We investigated a range of biodegradable substrates, mostly made of hessian (burlap), to enhance Amphibolis recruitment as an alternative. After 5 weeks, 16 514 seedlings, or 157 seedlings m–2, had recruited. Survival declined over the following 12 months to 31.4%, and down to 7.2% after 3 years, in part as a result of breakdown of the hessian, and the wave-exposed nature of the sites. During the initial 12 months, above- and belowground biomass increased 2.6- and 6.4-fold, respectively. The technique may represent a non-destructive, cost-effective (<AU$10 000 ha–1) method to restore Amphibolis over large spatial scales and in areas that are hydrodynamically too active for traditional techniques, thus helping ameliorate some of the large-scale losses of seagrasses that have occurred globally.|
|Keywords:||Amphibolis antarctica; A. griffithii; recruitment facilitation; restoration|
|Rights:||© CSIRO 2010|
|Appears in Collections:||Earth and Environmental Sciences publications|
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