Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/64407
Type: Journal article
Title: An inexpensive method for identifying predators of passerine nests using tethered artificial eggs
Author: Boulton, R.
Cassey, P.
Citation: New Zealand Journal of Ecology, 2006; 30(3):377-385
Publisher: New Zealand Ecol Soc
Issue Date: 2006
ISSN: 0110-6465
1177-7788
Statement of
Responsibility: 
Rebecca L. Boulton and Phillip Cassey
Abstract: We identified nest predators of two European thrush and three European finch species in the central North Island, New Zealand, using artificial clay eggs in active natural nests. The acceptance of the artificial egg by females was 75%, with low rates of female egg ejection (7%) or desertion (7%). Due to high predation rates we could not confirm the acceptance of six (11%) artificial eggs before predation occurred. Of the 57 nests that received an artificial egg 30 were preyed upon. We were able to successfully identify predators from 18 (60%) nests by imprints left in the artificial eggs, with rats (Rattus sp.), Australasian Harriers (Circus approximans) and Australian magpie (Gymnorhina tibicen) accounting for nine, eight and one of the predatory events respectively. In the remaining twelve predatory events imprints were too faint or no marks were left on the clay egg for identification. This study successfully demonstrates the use of an inexpensive, seldom-used method for quantifyingand identifying nest predators, with low rates of nest abandonment and high rates of predator identification. We believe this method could add valuable information for future studies of nest predation in New Zealand.
Keywords: artificial egg; clay egg; introduced birds; nest predation; New Zealand
Rights: © New Zealand Ecological Society
RMID: 0020108452
Published version: http://www.nzes.org.nz/nzje/abstract.php?volume_issue=j30_3&pdf_filename=NZJEcol30_3_377.pdf
Appears in Collections:Earth and Environmental Sciences publications
Environment Institute Leaders publications

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