Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/65207
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Type: Journal article
Title: Determination of the transcript profile of human endometrium
Author: Borthwick, J.
Charnock-Jones, D.
Tom, B.
Hull, M.
Teirney, R.
Phillips, S.
Smith, S.
Citation: Molecular human reproduction, 2003; 9(1):19-33
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Issue Date: 2003
ISSN: 1360-9947
1460-2407
Statement of
Responsibility: 
Jane M.Borthwick, D.Stephen Charnock-Jones, Brian D.Tom, M.Louise Hull, Raewyn Teirney, Stephen C.Phillips and Stephen K.Smith
Abstract: The response of the human endometrium to the ovarian hormones, estrogen and progesterone, has been the focus of decades of research. In order to understand this critical aspect of endometrial physiology, we undertook a genome-wide analysis of transcript abundance and changes in transcript level between normal endometrium in the proliferative and secretory phases of the menstrual cycle. A high-density, oligonucleotide gene array, comprising 60 000 gene targets, was used to define the gene expression profile of proliferative and secretory phase endometrium. Results from the arrays were verified using real-time PCR. The expression levels of 149 transcripts differed signi®cantly between the two phases of the cycle determined by stringent range limits (99.99%), calculated using local variance values. These transcripts include previously documented steroidally responsive genes (such as placental protein 14 and stromelysin-3) and novel transcripts not previously linked to either endometrial physiology or steroid regulation (such as intestinal trefoil factor and a number of expressed sequence tags). Examination of the 5¢ promoter regions of these genes identified many putative estrogen and progesterone receptor DNA binding domains, suggesting a direct response of these genes to the ovarian hormones.
Keywords: Endometrium; glutathione peroxidase 3; intestinal trefoil factor; microarray analysis; steroid response element
Rights: Copyright European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology
RMID: 0030001026
DOI: 10.1093/humrep/gag004
Published version: http://molehr.oxfordjournals.org/content/9/1/19.abstract
Appears in Collections:Obstetrics and Gynaecology publications

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