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|Title:||The effect of recombinant follicle stimulating hormone (Gonal-F) on endogenous luteinizing hormone secretion in women|
|Citation:||Human Reproduction, 1998; 13(5):1139-1143|
|Publisher:||Oxford University Press|
|M. L. Hull, J. H. Livesey, J. J. Evans and P. S. Benny|
|Abstract:||Parenteral administration of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) has been shown to lower luteinizing hormone (LH) concentrations in women undergoing ovulation induction. This study was designed to explore the physiological mechanism of this effect. Seven healthy women were recruited into a double-blind placebo-controlled study. LH secretion, after the administration of variable i.v. boluses (37.5, 75 and 150 IU) of recombinant FSH (Gonal-F), was evaluated. LH was measured at 10 min intervals for 2 h before and 4 h after the FSH/placebo infusion. LH pulse frequency and amplitude were evaluated and there was no significant difference between control and trial cycles for each subject. A linear regression analysis revealed that in the group receiving 150 IU FSH, the mean plasma LH concentration decreased significantly due to a reduction tonic LH secretion. This could be a result of the suppression of secretion or an alteration of clearance. This decrease was not seen in the other dosage groups, revealing that above a dosage threshold, FSH reduced non-pulsatile LH secretion. Therefore the effect of FSH in this study exposed the likely presence of two components of LH concentration: an FSH-sensitive, non-pulsatile tonic secretion and a gonadotrophin- releasing hormone-stimulated, pulsatile release that is unaffected by FSH. Although an indirect effect involving ovarian regulation is not excluded, the rapidity of the effect suggests that FSH acts directly on the pituitary gland.|
|Keywords:||anterior pituitary; follicle stimulating hormone; gonadotrophin-releasing hormone; gonadotrophin surge attenuating factor; luteinizing hormone|
|Rights:||© European Society for Human Reproduction and Embryology|
|Appears in Collections:||Obstetrics and Gynaecology publications|
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