Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/65533
Type: Thesis
Title: Performance estimation of oversampled bio-inspired velocity estimator based on Reichardt Correlator.
Author: Guo, Bin
Issue Date: 2010
School/Discipline: School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Abstract: Inspired by the insects’ incredible visual capabilities, many vision motion detection systems were proposed and developed. The Reichardt Correlator, as a bio-inspired vision motion detector is commonly used for velocity estimate of objects. Traditionally, the received signals in receptors in a Reichardt Correlator are digitised at bit depths of 8 or greater and sampled at Nyquist rate. Its implementation requires relatively complicated arithmetic units to cope with the processing of the samples. This is considered as bringing heavy computation burden to the motion detection system. In this thesis, a new approach for using oversampled, low bit depth representations for velocity estimation using the Reichardt Correlator is developed. This is achieved by considering the trade-off between oversampling ratio and bit depth, commonly found in oversampled data converters. After using real images as stimuli to the Reichardt Correlator, it was found that using lower bit depths and oversampling can retain the accurate velocity estimation performance, and at the same time, reduce the system arithmetic complexity. As a result, a sigma-delta conversion was proposed to pre-process the input signals to the Reichardt Correlator. In this approach, the image information is encoded as 1-bit oversampled representation. The long term aim is to have a scheme whereby the required system arithmetic complexity can be made simpler. In this step, three different panoramic images were used as the stimuli in simulations. The core contribution of this thesis is an investigation between the trade-off in performance and arithmetic complexity using the Reichardt Correlator as a velocity estimator in vision system, rather than elaborating the Reichardt Correlator, which can result in a more complex arithmetic implementation. The performance of the proposed approach is evaluated by comparing oversampled results with traditional representations. The comparisons results show that the proposed approach can achieve better performance in terms of optimal velocity detection, under reduced system arithmetic complexity. Because of the image contents, small oscillations and a slight loss in velocity estimation accuracy was observed. Since the approach can reduce system arithmetic complexity are the primary considerations, small oscillations and inaccurate velocity detection can be tolerated.
Advisor: Al-Sarawi, Said Fares Khalil
Ng, Brian Wai-Him
Dissertation Note: Thesis (M.Eng.Sc.) -- University of Adelaide, School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, 2010
Keywords: bio-inspired vision; motion detection; low-bit depth; oversampling; Reichardt Correlator
Provenance: Copyright material removed from digital thesis. See print copy in University of Adelaide Library for full text.
Appears in Collections:Research Theses

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