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|Title:||Chickens (Gallus domesticus) are natural intermediate hosts of Neospora caninum|
|Citation:||International Journal for Parasitology, 2008; 38(2):157-159|
|Publisher:||Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd|
|K.S. Costa, S.L. Santos, R.S. Uzêda, A.M. Pinheiro, M.A.O. Almeida, F.R. Araújo, M.M. McAllister, L.F.P. Gondim|
|Abstract:||Neospora caninum naturally infects many mammal species, but has not previously been demonstrated in birds. We examined sera for N. caninum antibodies from 200 outdoor chickens and from 200 chickens confined indoors in the state of Bahia, Brazil. Seroprevalence was greater in outdoor chickens (23.5% versus 1.5%, P<0.001). PCR testing for N. caninum was positive in six of 10 seropositive chickens. Amplicons from two of these were sequenced and had 97-98% nucleotide identity with N. caninum. This finding extends the list of intermediate hosts of N. caninum to include birds and may have important epidemiological consequences.|
|Keywords:||Neospora caninum; Toxoplasma gondii; Chicken; Antibodies; Infection|
|Rights:||Copyright © 2007 Australian Society for Parasitology Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.|
|Appears in Collections:||Animal and Veterinary Sciences publications|
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