Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Scopus Web of Science® Altmetric
Type: Journal article
Title: The impact of end-use dynamics on urban water system design criteria
Author: Thyer, M.
Hardy, M.
Coombes, P.
Patterson, C.
Citation: Australian Journal of Water Resources, 2008; 12(2):161-170
Publisher: Institution of Engineers Australia
Issue Date: 2008
ISSN: 1324-1583
Statement of
M Thyer, M Hardy, P Coombes, C Patterson
Abstract: The potential impact of demand reduction strategies (reuse/source substitution via tanks/installing water efficient appliances) on urban water system design criteria (average/peak demands and wastewater flows) was investigated using two months of detailed end-use monitoring from a single house. Reductions in regular water use events (shower/toilet) had a larger impact on average demand/flows, while reductions in sporadic water use events (outdoor/washing machine) had a larger impact on peak demands/flows. Highest predicted reductions of 71%/83% in average/ peak demand occurred when using a 5 kL tank to supply toilet, washing machine (5-star), outdoor and hot water use. Further research is needed to quantify these impacts on a larger scale. Given the potential for reductions in urban water infrastructure costs this research is considered a high priority.
Rights: © Institution of Engineers Australia, 2008
DOI: 10.1080/13241583.2008.11465344
Published version:;dn=235477211784162;res=IELENG
Appears in Collections:Aurora harvest 5
Civil and Environmental Engineering publications
Environment Institute publications

Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.