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Type: Thesis
Title: Impact evaluation of agricultural research in Papua, Indonesia using the sustainable livelihood framework.
Author: Mahalaya, Sukendra
Issue Date: 2011
School/Discipline: School of Agriculture, Food and Wine
Abstract: Papua presents Indonesia with an intractable development challenge; while the province is the source of great national wealth from its extractive industries, 41% of population remains below the poverty line. Accordingly, the Papuan provincial government, with help from international donors, is enhancing community development through promoting a sustainable livelihoods strategy based on agriculture. During 2001-2006, the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research funded a research project to improve the sweetpotato-pig systems of the Dani people in the Baliem Valley. This study evaluates the impact of this project on Dani livelihoods, and examines the value of the Sustainable Livelihood (SL) framework for the purpose of this evaluation. Surveys with semi-structured group interviews and other Participatory Rural Appraisal techniques collected primary bio-physical and socio-economic data, both quantitatively and qualitatively. ‘Before-'and ‘After-project’ information was collected from project participants (n = 38) and a comparison group (n = 190). The survey sample was determined using the propensity score matching method. A double difference statistical method was used to quantify the impact of the project in terms of relative changes in livelihood assets between project and comparison groups. A similar method was used to establish qualitative differences in vulnerability factors associated with sweetpotato and pig production. Silis – the fundamental social unit of the Dani community – was used as a unit of analysis. Impacts of the research project on the 5 categories of Livelihood Assets include: 1) improved sweetpotato genetic diversity, higher yields, crop production efficiency and cycles and resilience against environmental stress, and less dependence on natural resource products for income (natural assets); 2) improvements in physical sili goods and the adoption of the pigsty-laleken technology (physical assets); 3) improvements in education and sweetpotato-pig husbandry skills (human assets); 4) improvements in social cohesion through the formation of sili organisations (social assets); 5) and improvements in the capacity of producing more sweetpotatoes and pigs, and cash incomes (financial assets). Moreover, the vulnerability factors of sweetpotato and pig production such as sweetpotato yields and pig diseases is reduced by sili participation in the project. Drawing on these impacts the study proposes a number of recommendations in the context of the “policies, institutions, and processes” component of the SL framework. The proposed policies include extension of the improved sweetpotato-pig systems through farmer-to-farmer extension programmes, efficient sweetpotato-pig husbandry technical assistance from local institutions, the formation of sili organisations in every village, equitable agricultural training opportunity for both Dani men and women, wider access to loans from local financial institutions, on-farm multiplication of new sweetpotato cultivar cuttings, and regulations to control marauding pigs. Meanwhile, the institutions that need closer facilitated collaboration are the Jayawijaya Extension, Agricultural, Livestock, and Co-operative Offices (government organisations); and the World Vision Indonesia and the Jayawijaya Institute for Customary Discussion (non-government organisations). Furthermore, wider participation of silis, and the provision and continuation of training for local technical staff within the institutions should be encouraged. The use of the SL framework elsewhere has been either as an analytical tool, as a tool impact assessment, or an overview to guide development. In this study, all these values of the SL framework are used to evaluate the impact of the project. As such it offers a more comprehensive impact evaluation with more quantification of impacts than other similar studies.
Advisor: Nuberg, Ian Kinloch
Cargill, Colin
Stringer, Randy
Taylor, James
Dissertation Note: Thesis (Ph.D.) -- University of Adelaide, School of Agriculture, Food and Wine, 2011
Keywords: impact evaluation; agricultural research; development; sustainable livelihood; Papua-Indonesia
Provenance: Copyright material removed from digital thesis. See print copy in University of Adelaide Library for full text.
Appears in Collections:Research Theses

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