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|Title:||Self-management and peer support among people with arthritis on a hospital joint replacement waiting list: A randomised controlled trial|
|Citation:||Osteoarthritis and Cartilage, 2009; 17(11):1428-1433|
|Publisher:||W B Saunders Co Ltd|
|M. Crotty, J. Prendergast, M. W. Battersby, D. Rowett, S. E. Graves, G. Leach and L. C. Giles|
|Abstract:||<h4>Introduction</h4>To evaluate the efficacy of a self-management support program including a 6 week self-management course, individualised phone support and goal setting in osteoarthritis patients on a waiting list for arthroplasty surgery.<h4>Method</h4>Randomised controlled trial of 152 public hospital outpatients awaiting hip or knee replacement surgery who were not classified as requiring urgent surgery. Participants were randomised to a self-management program or to usual care. The primary outcome was change in the Health Education Intervention Questionnaire (HeiQ) from randomisation to 6 month follow-up. Quality of life and depressive symptoms were also measured. Changes in pain and function were assessed using the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities (WOMAC) Arthritis Index.<h4>Results</h4>At 6 month follow-up, health-directed behaviour was significantly greater in the intervention [mean 4.29, 95% confidence interval (CI) 3.99-4.58] than the control (mean 3.81, 95% CI 3.52-4.09; P=0.017). There was also a significant effect on skill and technique acquisition for the intervention (mean 4.37, 95% CI 4.19-4.55) in comparison to control (mean 4.11, 95% CI 3.93-4.29; P=0.036). There was no significant effect of the intervention on the remaining HeiQ subscales, WOMAC pain or disability, quality of life or depressive symptoms.<h4>Discussion</h4>The arthritis self-management program improved health-directed behaviours, skill acquisition and stiffness in patients on a joint replacement waiting list, although the observed effects were of modest size (Cohen's d between 0.36 and 0.42). There was no significant effect on pain, function or quality of life in the short term. Self-management programs can assist in maintaining health behaviours (particularly walking) in this patient group. Further research is needed to assess their impact on quality of life and over longer periods.|
|Keywords:||Randomized controlled trial; Disabled persons; Self care/methods; Osteoarthritis, Hip/therapy; Knee/therapy; Health education|
|Rights:||Copyright © 2009 Osteoarthritis Research Society International. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.|
|Appears in Collections:||Public Health publications|
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