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|Title:||Genetic mapping of quantitative trait loci for meat quality and muscle metabolic traits in cattle|
|Author:||Esmailizadeh Koshkoih, A.|
|Citation:||Animal Genetics, 2011; 42(6):592-599|
|Publisher:||Blackwell Publishing Ltd|
|A. K. Esmailizadeh, C. A. Morris, N. G. Cullen, Z. A. Kruk, D. S. Lines, S. M. Hickey, P. M. Dobbie, C. D. K. Bottema and W. S. Pitchford|
|Abstract:||A whole-genome scan was carried out in New Zealand and Australia to detect quantitative trait loci (QTL) for live animal and carcass composition traits and meat quality attributes in cattle. Backcross calves (385 heifers and 398 steers) were generated, with Jersey and Limousin backgrounds. The New Zealand cattle were reared and finished on pasture, whilst Australian cattle were reared on grass and finished on grain for at least 180 days. This paper reports on meat quality traits (tenderness measured as shear force at 4–5 ages on two muscles as well as associated traits of meat colour, pH and cooking loss) and a number of metabolic traits. For meat quality traits, 18 significant QTL (P < 0.05), located in nine linkage groups, were detected on a genome-wise basis, in combined-sire (seven QTL) or within-sire analyses (11 QTL). For metabolic traits, 11 significant QTL (P < 0.05), located in eight linkage groups, were detected on a genome-wise basis, in combined-sire (five QTL) or within-sire analyses (six QTL). BTA2 and BTA3 had QTL for both metabolic traits and meat quality traits. Six significant QTL for meat quality and metabolic traits were found at the proximal end of chromosome 2. BTA2 and BTA29 were the most common chromosomes harbouring QTL for meat quality traits; QTL for improved tenderness were associated with Limousin-derived and Jersey-derived alleles on these two chromosomes, respectively.|
|Keywords:||beef; cattle; meat quality; metabolic traits; QTL|
|Rights:||© 2011 The Authors, Animal Genetics © 2011 Stichting International Foundation for Animal Genetics|
|Appears in Collections:||Animal and Veterinary Sciences publications|
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