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Type: Journal article
Title: Comparative constructions in 'Israeli Hebrew'
Author: Zuckermann, G.
Citation: Melilah: Manchester Journal of Jewish Studies, 2007; 2:1-16
Publisher: Centre for Jewish Studies at the University of Manchester
Issue Date: 2007
ISSN: 1759-1953
Statement of
Ghil'ad Zuckermann
Abstract: ‘Hebrew’ is one of the official languages – with Arabic and English – of the State of Israel, established in 1948 on 20,770 km2 in the ‘Middle’ East. Israeli emerged at the end of the nineteenth century and the beginning of the twentieth. Its symbolic first native speaker, Itamar Ben-ehuda, began speaking in 1886. Israeli is a fusional synthetic language, with non-concatenative discontinuous morphemes realised by vowel infixation. This typological paper demonstrates that the typical Israeli comparative construction involves a copula or verbless clause construction, with the ‘Parameter’ as copula complement (CC) or as a verbless clause complement (VCC). However, there is another mono-clausal comparative construction, in which the ‘Index’ of comparison is the main verb in an extended intransitive clause. Future research would demonstrate that Israeli comparatives correspond with Yiddish and ‘Standard Average European’, although the forms used are Hebrew.
Keywords: Hebrew; Israel; Basic Linguistic Theory; linguistics; Jewish language and culture; typology; superlative; comparative; extended intransitive; grammar; forms versus patterns; Israeli; Yiddish; Standard Average European; fusional; synthetic; discontinuous morphemes; infixation; complementation; clauses; analyticization; allative case; construct-state; ambiguity
Rights: Copyright status unknown
RMID: 0020106879
Appears in Collections:Linguistics publications

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