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Type: Journal article
Title: Differential effects of soil disturbance and plant residue retention on function of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) symbiosis are not reflected in colonization of roots or hyphal development in soil
Author: Duan, T.
Facelli, E.
Smith, S.
Smith, F.
Nan, Z.
Citation: Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 2011; 43(3):571-578
Publisher: Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd
Issue Date: 2011
ISSN: 0038-0717
Statement of
Tingyu Duan, Evelina Facelli, Sally E. Smith, F. Andrew Smith and Zhibiao Nan
Abstract: The effects of soil disturbance and residue retention on the functionality of the symbiosis between medic (Medicago truncatula L.) and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) were assessed in a two-stage experiment simulating a crop rotation of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) followed by medic. Plants were inoculated or not with the AMF, Glomus intraradices and Gigaspora margarita, separately or together. The contribution of the arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) pathway for P uptake was determined using 32P-labeled soil in a small hyphal compartment accessible only to hyphae of AMF. In general AM colonization was not affected by soil disturbance or residue application and disturbance did not affect hyphal length densities (HLDs) in soil. At 4 weeks disturbance had a negative effect on growth and phosphorus (P) uptake of plants inoculated with G. margarita, but not G. intraradices. By 7 weeks disturbance reduced growth of plants inoculated with G. margarita or AMF mix and total P uptake in all inoculated plants. With the exception of plants inoculated with G. margarita in disturbed soil at 4 weeks, the AM pathway made a significant contribution to P uptake in all AM plants at both harvests. Inoculation with both AMF together eliminated the negative effects of disturbance on AM P uptake and growth, showing that a fungus insensitive to disturbance can compensate for loss of contribution of a sensitive one. Application of residue increased growth and total P uptake of plants but decreased 32P in plants inoculated with the AMF mix in disturbed soil, compared with plants receiving no residue. The AMF responded differently to disturbance and G. intraradices, which was insensitive to disturbance, compensated for lack of contribution by the sensitive G. margarita when they were inoculated together. Colonization of roots and HLDs in soil were not good predictors of the outcomes of AM symbioses on plant growth, P uptake or P delivery via the AM pathway. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.
Keywords: Arbuscular mycorrhiza
Triticum aestivum
Medicago truncatula
soil disturbance
crop residue
Plant P uptake
Rights: © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved
DOI: 10.1016/j.soilbio.2010.11.024
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Appears in Collections:Aurora harvest
Earth and Environmental Sciences publications

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